TREAT Newsletter Cool Season April - June 2013

Coming Field Days

Sat 25 May1.30 pmTolga / Kairi, meet at Tolga State School
Sat 22 June2.00 pmIan Freeman's property, Cutler Road, Lake Eacham.

The 25 May field day has been organised by TREAT and BCC (Barron Catchment Care) to show the work done to mitigate erosion in the Spring Creek catchment. BCC has organised a bus to transport us from Tolga State School to various sites. People need to turn up at the front of the school about 1.15 pm, to make a start at 1.30 pm. TREAT will provide an afternoon tea after the field day, back at the school.

The 22 June field day will look at the revegetation work on Ian's place, started in March 2011. An afternoon tea will be provided afterwards.

Inside this issue

BCC and the Spring Creek Catchment

Ian Freeman's Reveg

Right Tree, Right Place

Are Playpus Plentiful in Peterson Creek?

The 2013 Planting Season

Nursery News

Possums Poem

Fruit Collection Diary

This newsletter is kindly sponsored by Biotropica Australia Pty Ltd.»

BCC and the Spring Creek Catchment

Geoff Onus

Barron Catchment Care (formerly Barron River Integrated Catchment Management Association) was established in 1996 after the Howard Government's Natural Resource Management reforms. These reforms led to the establishment of statutory Catchment Management Authorities (NSW, VIC & SA) and non-statutory Catchment Management Associations (QLD, WA & TAS) who brokered and lobbied sustainable land management practices/initiatives. This role shifted slightly in the early 2000s when fifty-six Australian Regional Natural Resource Management bodies e.g. Terrain NRM (formerly FNQ NRM) were created by the Federal Liberal Government.

BCC members (both committee and non-committee) come from backgrounds in, or are currently active within, agriculture, landcare, education, local government, forestry, agronomy and tourism. BCC has three zones - lower (mouth to Barron Falls), central (Barron Falls to Tinaroo Falls Dam) and upper (Tinaroo Falls Dam to source, Hypipamee National Park). Committees for each zone meet regularly and each zone has specific issues they address e.g. lower zone = lack of biodiversity/ recreation potential, central zone = riparian management and upper zone = stormwater management.

The upper zone has been attempting to address stormwater velocity and runoff for over ten years. Farm management plans were developed for 10 farms in the area and 3 of these plans had detention structures as a major component. Detention structures have been installed, hydrologists engaged to produce technical documents for future works, and local government lobbied. Experts have identified the soil conservation drains installed by the government in the 1970s as the main source of increased velocity in the Atherton area (coming off the Bones Knob and Halloran's Hill shield volcanoes). These drains were designed to remove water as quickly as possible from productive agricultural land. Thirty-five years down the track, major problems have arisen, including lack of ground water recharge, extensive erosion areas and increased sediment loads moving through this man-made system, ultimately impacting on the Great Barrier Reef Lagoon - ever wondered why the Barron River runs red when it rains?

Through the Federal Government's Reef Rescue Program (2008-2013) BCC have managed to acquire funding to tackle local hot spots over this period, in partnership with TREAT, QPWS, TRC (Tablelands Regional Council) and landholders. One of the main projects has been the Spring Creek initiative over the last four years, where works have been conducted at four locations from the top to the bottom of this catchment. Year one of this endeavour was the Griffin Road detention structure where BCC secured $100,000 to assist TRC to build an area to intercept very high velocity stormwater coming from the Bones Knob shield volcano. Before this project, the stormwater had been destroying the Kennedy Highway and flooding local businesses and households in Tolga every time there was heavy rain. In the first year 1000 tonnes of sediment was harvested from the detention ponds and the havoc downstream stopped. Seven thousand Mabi eco-tonal species were planted and the trees have now achieved canopy closure, which is another public benefit of this project. This area is now utilised by local people exercising and walking their dogs.

In the second and third years BCC worked on Raso's property at the lower end of this catchment where, during heavy rain events, stormwater is at its most destructive. Initially, TRC engineers undertook extensive gabion and bank battering works, funded out of the Cyclone Larry bucket, but when the funding was exhausted, soils and banks still needed to be stabilised to finish the job before the wet season. TRC approached BCC and with the support of Reef Rescue funding, BCC stabilised the loose soils through the laying of Jute Master matting, tree planting and fencing the cattle out. Approximately 3500 trees were planted, 400 square metres of Jute Master laid, 700 m of fencing installed and a stock crossing built.

During this same period BCC tackled a site in the middle section of the catchment where rock groins were placed in a drain to lessen stormwater velocity and drop out sediments, rock-armoured the creek bank and planted 1000 trees on the peripheries. This site picks up stormwater coming from the Kennedy Highway near the Big Peanut and the man-made drainage lines throughout the productive areas, and impacted Spring Creek by scouring and promoting bank slump.

The latest two project sites are in the upper section of this catchment where BCC have installed detention structures, constructed a fence and planted trees, including an agro-forestry plot. It is hoped that the Federal Government will extend their successful Reef Rescue funding rounds as this catchment and many more in the area are in desperate need of stormwater mitigation. TREAT and BCC are conducting a field day on Saturday 25 May to look at the Spring Creek initiative sites. Participants are asked to meet at 1.15 pm, at the Tolga Primary School front car park where a bus will take us to the sites.

Ian Freeman's Revegetation

Barb Lanskey/ Ian Freeman

TREAT will hold a field day at Ian Freeman's property on Saturday 22 June starting at 2pm.

This is a great opportunity to take a walk around the property and learn about practical revegetation. The property is highly visible from Lake Barrine Road and people can't fail to notice that what was once a grassy goat paddock is now being covered rather quickly by trees.

TREAT was very fortunate that Ian purchased the property in August 2010 specifically to plant trees and create the final link for the Peterson Creek Wildlife Corridor to connect with the National Park at Lake Eacham.

Now, wildlife travelling upstream at Peterson Creek can cross Lake Barrine Road by using one of the three large culverts under the road. Then, on Ian's property, the revegetation area is at least 150 m wide from the creek up to the National Park.

Over 3 wet seasons, TREAT has organised 5 community tree planting days to plant about 15,000 trees. Another 2 community planting days are planned for 2014. Ian has also planted about 2000 trees with family and friends to establish screens and windbreaks, replace losses and start the final link to the National Park.

There are always some losses in larger plantings, and the first 3 community plantings suffered from dry weather and frosts. Ian diligently waters his trees in the dry season, but the frosts last year were particularly bad, and in the areas on either side of the creek, approximately 75% of the trees planted had to be replaced. The last infill planting for the north side of the creek was done by Friday morning volunteers on 8 March 2013.

This year, the community planting days were held in January to try to establish more tree growth before winter frosts, and therefore hopfully more trees can recover if frosted. Many species planted are those known to be frost tolerant. TREAT also invested in more irrigation equipment (thanks to the grants received) and the planting sites were irrigated before and after planting.

There are now large areas of canopy closure in the first (2011) planting around a small remnant in the gully, and Ian reports that wildlife has already started using his 'link' planting from the National Park to this planting.

Although his planting areas are very small for scientific trials, Ian has tried various combinations of fertiliser addition, mulching and maintenance. Generally, success has come from good management, particularly good maintenance (weed and grass exclusion).

Ian's observations:

The field day will start at Ian's shed. We will walk to the other side of the creek, observing the various plantings, and come back to the 'link' planting and Cutler Road, finally walking back to the shed through the National Park. An afternoon tea will then be held in the shed. All are welcome to attend.

Right Tree, Right Place, Right Time, for the Right Reasons

Nigel Tucker

Volunteers at the potting bench

Volunteers at the potting bench

2012 was TREAT'S 30th birthday. For any locally focused, single-issue community group to last 30 years is a feat in itself, but to achieve this in a regional area is quite amazing. Even more striking is that TREAT is essentially a tree planting group, and in rural Australia nature conservation groups have traditionally struggled to maintain a membership base, let alone kick some pretty big goals. Most members of course will just shrug their shoulders and say, 'well, what's all the fuss about.. . we just do what we do'. But there have been many successes, and this article describes some of the changes which have come about as a result of TREAT's influence.

When I joined TREAT in 1984 the organisation boasted 30 members. On my first Friday as QPWS Lake Eacham nursery manager in January 1985 there were just three volunteers and the nursery budget for the year was $7,590! Today TREAT has almost 500 member households, and TREAT volunteers contribute over 5,000 hours of labour every year. Annual Lake Eacham nursery budgets have been as high as $750,000 and TREAT's membership alone now contributes to its own significant annual budget. In 1985, the Lake Eacham nursery manager was literally the only person in North Queensland who was paid to restore habitat. Today, probably 100 people in North Queensland derive their income from tree-planting, from both private and community sectors.

In 1983, Landcare was a mere twinkle in the Hawke government's eye when TREAT members began sowing the seeds of rainforest trees. At that time, knowledge of propagating native plants was restricted to genera like Eucalyptus and Acacia, and if you wanted to acquire native seedlings locally you went to the Forestry Department where your choice was Red Cedar, Queensland Maple, Tallow wood or pine trees. Growing rainforest plants was something entirely new, but within a few short years of intensive trials, TREAT revolutionised the choice and variety of seedlings available. Today the Lake Eacham nursery propagates hundreds of carefully selected species, and over the course of 30 years there are few local species which have not been successfully propagated.

Early TREAT plantings featured plenty of failures and unimpressive results. TREAT members would labour with plantings in tall Guinea grass, only to return a month later and find - taller Guinea grass. The practice of manually cutting grass, planting, and manually cutting grass (over and over) was soon thrown out in favour of using herbicide. Along with fertilising, weed exclusion using herbicide became standard practice, greatly speeding up canopy closure, reducing maintenance times and enhancing plant survival. Today, plantings feature survival rates over 90% - a far cry from days gone by. Increases in plant survival have been accompanied by the size of projects. Early tree plantings were usually comprised of 10-15 members planting 300 trees, whereas today, a planting of 3000 trees by 70 volunteers hardly raises an eyebrow.

Traditionally, trees were planted for human-centred reasons. Soil erosion, windbreaks, shade and beautification pretty much summed up people's motives. Today, we understand that the greatest threat to all wildlife is habitat loss and fragmentation, but in the early 1980s the idea of planting trees for wildlife habitat was an entirely new concept. Again, TREAT's motives were novel to say the least. But, as our understanding of habitat loss has increased, so too has TREAT's commitment to wildlife corridors, Mabi forest, remnant buffers and a range of other plantings which have no material benefit to humans whatsoever.

Finally, these achievements are mirrored in a landscape which shows the impression of kinder, more functional hands. A drive down Ball Road, Sheehan Road, Hogan-Hosie Road, through Lake Barrine, or from Malanda to Lake Eacham shows areas that have been transformed over the past 30 years. Bare weedy areas have been replaced by complex wildlife habitat, and eroding creek-lines are now stable and ecologically functional. Such changes have been wrought on hundreds, perhaps thousands, of properties throughout North Queensland.

As they say, from little things, big things grow. TREAT members past and present, take a bow.

Are Playpus Plentiful in Peterson Creek?

School for International Training students
Alison Ashby, Clara Weston, Elizabeth Kubacki, Prescott Tweedy

Platypus are unique aquatic creatures, being one of three monotremes (egg laying mammals) worldwide. These iconic animals are found only in Eastern Australia and Tasmania, and are extremely elusive. Platypus feed on aquatic invertebrates in cool freshwater streams in the early evening through to dawn. Closing their eyes, ears, and nose while diving, they have developed a sophisticated electroreceptor system in their bills that helps them to locate food in murky water. Platypus create burrows along the banks of freshwater streams that can be up to 30m in length, providing shelter and protection during the day. Despite being heavily impacted since European settlement, Peterson Creek in Yungaburra still supports a platypus population that is popular with both locals and tourists.

lower Peterson Creek

A popular platypus area, lower Peterson Creek

These shy creatures can be found in habitats with well-vegetated stream banks that provide high food availability and stable earthen banks for burrows. QPWS, TREAT and Yungaburra Landcare have been working with land owners along Peterson Creek since the late 1990s to re-forest damaged creek habitat by planting native tree species. The re-establishment of these trees is beneficial not only as a wildlife corridor but also for the preservation of platypus habitat. Today, Peterson Creek acts as a sanctuary for wildlife and has also become a popular recreational destination.

We conducted an observational study with 19 students at Peterson Creek to determine the abundance of platypus in the area. The aim of this study was to determine if the popular recreation area along the creek was a healthy environment for the iconic platypus. In this study, platypus were observed along an 815m stretch of the creek for three evenings and one early morning. Synchronized watches were used at each of the eleven observation sites by groups of two or three people to collect data on the number of platypus sightings, dive times, surface intervals, and timing and direction of platypus movement. We also assessed the key habitat features, such as riparian vegetation, that are important for platypus. This study was the first of its kind at Peterson Creek using a coordinated data collection technique along a long section of the creek.

After evaluating platypus observation data and looking at time overlaps between each observation, we decided that a minimum of five different individuals were present in the creek. This is a conservative estimate as there could have been up to eight individuals seen during the time of our study.

The dive interval of a platypus is the amount of time spent under the water between sightings. This indicates the amount of time the animal spends foraging for food underwater as well as the amount of time the animal spends processing its food at the surface. After collecting our data, we found that for every second the animals were observed at the surface they spent on average 5.6 seconds underwater. This ratio may indicate the foraging success of the animals observed, according to Kruuk (1993). Kruuk's study concluded that in similar environments platypus spend two to five seconds when efficiently foraging for food. Though the ratio we found is higher than Kruuk's, we still believe that the platypus population in Peterson Creek is in fact feeding efficiently. One reason our data might be contradictory to Kruuk is because the platypus that he studied were in Tasmania, where they can grow much larger than those found in Queensland and thus require more food.

Conditions in Peterson Creek have varied since Europen settlement. Though an increase in agricultural and urban run-off may have been damaging to the creek's overall health, increased nutrient input may inadvertently assist the success of the platypus residing within the creek. An increase in nutrient run-off, also known as eutrophication, may have increased the amount of prey for the platypus. Kruuk observed a similar phenomenon in his study on platypus foraging effectiveness and efficiency. In his study, he found that in eutrophicated areas platypus are more likely to have an increased foraging efficiency.

Platypus are considered vulnerable due to their relatively small global distribution worldwide, and like all species, they are threatened by increased human development and climate change. Groups such as TREAT, QPWS and Yungaburra Landcare are aiding the conservation of the platypus by restoring and protecting the habitats on which these unique creatures depend. Peterson Creek is a good example of how using conservation wisely can promote a healthy ecosystem in the middle of a well-populated area.

The 2013 Planting Season

Angela McCaffrey

Planting at Freeman's 12 January 2013

Planting at Freeman's 12 January 2013

12 & 19/1/13 Ian Freeman's property, Lake Eacham / Peterson Creek 3,000 trees x 2

Our planting season began early this year as the 2012 trees on Ian's property had suffered badly in the frosts. It was felt that an earlier planting would give more time for the trees to get established before this coming winter. To make this possible, irrigation was set up in case the wet season was late, and this proved to be a good investment as we experienced an extremely dry January and February.

We knew in advance of the first planting day that it was going to be very hot, so we started an hour earlier than usual, at 7.00am. This was a popular decision as most of the 55 volunteers turned up before 8.00am. The heat prompted a few extra measures, such as a large cooler of iced water being taken down to the planting site, and vehicles were ready to take anyone suffering heat stress back up the hill. The following Saturday we were back to put in the next 3,000 trees with around the same number turning up to help. It was another early start although the weather had temporarily changed due to Cyclone Oswald forming and we welcomed light showers and overcast skies. Some quality control issues had arisen following the first planting, mainly about the depth of planting and firming in, so extra time was taken at signing on to ensure everyone understood the techniques and a couple of us took time to watch people at work and demonstrate where needed.

It was TREAT's intention to trial a different method of weed control at Ian's this year. Weed Gunnel is a biodegradable woven matting which allows water and air to pass through but blocks light, suppressing the weeds. It proved too time consuming to add this task at the time of planting so extra dates were set to do this. The first was 31/1/13 when 10 volunteers spent the morning positioning and pegging down the 50cm square mats around each tree. It was not an easy task, taking just as long as planting, so additional dates were set, the first being Saturday 23/3/13, when, with the help of School for Field Studies (SFS) students, the first 3,000 mats went on - in conditions of almost continuous showers, followed by the usual BBQ.

2/2/13 Don and Jill Crawford's property, Gadgarra Road, Lake Eacham 1,000 trees

Although this was a small planting by usual standards it was coupled with a mini field day to check out the wonderful revegetation work that Don & Jill have done over the last 14 years. This year's planting filled the last corner, strengthening the Lakes Corridor joining Lakes Eacham and Barrine along Maroobi Creek. The weather was sunny and 30 volunteers made short work of the planting while Don and Mark McCaffrey watered the trees before a delicious morning tea provided by Jill with the help of TREAT's BBQ team. Don guided the walk afterwards for 8 people and it was inspiring to see the mature trees with a developing understorey. Each plot shows the year of planting and Don gave an interesting talk about their challenges and successes.

9/2/13 Mark and Angela McCaffrey's property, 'Ringtail Crossing', Kenny Road 2,000 trees

Intermittent drizzle cooled the volunteers and watered the trees, making ideal conditions for this year's planting. TREAT volunteers have been steadily helping the McCaffreys bridge the 400m gap between rainforest remnants for several years now and this year saw 2,000 trees go in to broaden the middle section. Thirty-six people turned out, with early starters beginning at the bottom of the hill and others starting at the top. Initially neither group could see each other so it was with surprise and relief for the top half that the bottom half suddenly came over the crest - just like the cavalry. After the BBQ, Mark and Angela with the help of Sandy Clague, put guards on tree species which in the past have proved to be irresistible to pademelons.

16/2/13 Carolyn and Philip Emms' property, Rock Road 2,000 trees

The weather turned very hot again for this planting so it was a great relief for early planters when the SFS students arrived, swelling the numbers to around 65. Parking was quite a distance away from the site so most people had to be ferried in 4wd vehicles to the property and then taken downhill to the site by Phil Emms in his ute. It was good to see the previous plantings thriving in this important corridor which is part of WTMA's CFOC project (see TREAT News Jan-Mar 2012). Brief rain followed the BBQ and this was followed up by regular showers over the next few days.

Planting at Rock Road, photo WTMA

Planting at Rock Road, photo courtesy WTMA

23/2/13 Geraldine McGuire and Athy Nye's property, 'Oak Grove', Old Boonjee Road 1,500 trees

Much of this beautiful property has been revegetated over the last 20 years by the current owners so this year's planting was to fill in two small gaps near the entrance. Most were planted next to the road on the front boundary and about 500 next to the driveway. It was lovely to see a natural forest developing with much evidence of use by wildlife. Around 40 volunteers came and the planting was quickly finished. Geraldine contributed some of her famous Rainforest Bounty chutney and scones with jam to make the BBQ even more special. The weather was dry but not too hot.

2/3/13 Ken and Sue Pyke's property, Eastern Connection Road 2,500 trees

Following on from previous years' plantings and creating a wonderful oasis for wildlife, this year's planting lined a gully leading down to a dam. The morning was sunny and almost 70 volunteers came, including SFS students. Most of the BBQ food was provided and cooked by Sue and Ken, with crumbed fish and minced beef patties providing a change from the usual fare. Home grown finger limes added piquancy to a lime and chilli dressing which disappeared quickly. The Pykes' six dogs provided the entertainment and cleaned up any offerings.

9/3/13 Carolyn and Philip Emms' property, 'Cedarvale', Pressley Road 2,500 trees

'Cedarvale' is next door to Barrine Nature Refuge where Carolyn and Phil Emms have held several plantings in previous years. Having now purchased the property next door and secured funding through the Federal Government's Biodiversity Fund, they are extending the wildlife habitat from the edge of Lake Barrine National Park. Once again, around 70 volunteers came, including SFS students, but it turned out to be a long hot morning with arduous conditions for the final planting of the season. The BBQ afterwards was held at the Barrine Nature Refuge property, with a few welcome showers cooling everyone down.

So, another season is over and TREAT would like to thank everyone who came and congratulate the landholders for another successful year.

Nursery News

Nick Stevens

The planting season got off to an early start this year with TREAT holding two community plantings at Ian Freeman's Peterson Creek property on the 12th and 19th of January. It was a very busy couple of weeks for nursery staff and TREAT volunteers as over 6,000 trees were prepared and placed on site ready for planting, and a brand new irrigation system put in place on the property. All this took place under some of the most extreme temperatures and drought-like conditions that people could recall. With the seasonal outlook forecasting a poor wet season, TREAT and landholder Ian decided that it would be prudent to invest in a semi-permanent irrigation system for this and future years' planting sites. Nursery staff member Peter Snodgrass was enlisted to assist with the design, planning and implementation of a flexible and robust system that is able to be adapted to pretty much any of TREAT's large future plantings with an accessible water supply. The investment paid off as poor establishment conditions continued following the January 12 planting. For the January 19 planting, drought conditions broke for a short period with a most welcome rainfall event in the guise of ex-Cyclone Oswald, but extreme temperatures returned within a week or two, and again the value of the irrigation system was realised, saving many of the newly planted trees.

Velvet Worm, photo Nick Stevens

Velvet Worm, Photo Nick Stevens

Seed collections have been quite good for many species so far this year (see Fruit Collection Diary). While some species like Northern Silky Oak (Cardwellia sublimis) and Queensland Maple (Flindersia brayleyana) produced poorly this season, these and many others look like being in abundance later this year following massive flowering during the drier conditions we have experienced.

Nursery output this season has been quite high to date, with around 25,000 trees going out the gate to TREAT members and various projects for QPWS, TREAT and other groups. Unfortunately we were unable to continue planting at Massey Creek in the Tully Falls National Park this season, but we intend to recommence our planting program there next year with an infill planting to recover the frost damaged site from 2012.

On staff matters, many of you would have become familiar with Brian who started work at the nursery in July 2012. Unfortunately, Brian's temporary contract ended with us in February. He has, however, taken another temporary position within the Tablelands park management unit and is based at Tinaroo - we wish him well for the future.

Velvet Worm

Found by Milvia on the 22 February in one of the plant trays in bay 3 was a Velvet Worm. The Velvet Worms are very primitive species and are rarely seen in the wild. Nick released this Velvet Worm back into the wild. See: Australian Museum Velvet-worm for more information.


At the 2012 TREAT Chistmas party, Geoff entertained us with his Possums poem.

Geoff Errey
December 2012

Recently I told the tale of noises that we'd heard
Inside our stove pipe chimney - how we'd thought it was a bird
Until investigation showed a possum, brown and stout
And how it took till midnight just to coax the bugger out.

And Pete it was suggested it was prob'ly worth a verse
That I should tell the story of our common little curse
So if you find this boring and your eyes start growing dim
Just look around for Peter - you can put the blame on him.

This story goes back forty years though I'll try to keep it brief
Our furry friend has always found new ways to give us grief
It seems the possum's haunted us since we were newly-wed
Kicking tin cans round the ceiling right above our wedding bed.

This cottage that we lived in on a West Victorian farm
Had been the home of jackeroos who surely meant no harm
When disposing of their tinnies through the manhole late at night
That's where the possums found them, to our everlasting fright.

In all our houses since then they have clumped on roofs of tin
Usually with their footy boots seeking ways of getting in
Or merely as a highway as they cross from left to right
Or a likely place for mating, or the venue for a fight.

I'm sure we're not the only ones whose peaceful hours of rest
Have rudely been disrupted as our cute and cuddly pest
Has hissed and snarled and screamed outside, scratching with their claws
Then slept all day as bleary-eyed we muddled through our chores.

We've suffered them out camping, trampolining off the tent
"My goodness, that was lots of fun, we'll climb up and bounce again."
Raiding through our boxes finding where we'd stored the food
I won't repeat what Pauline said - you'd likely find it rude.

We've told you that when Larry came, we lost our precious shed
We knew that possums lived in there - we thought they'd all be dead
But no, the first thing that I saw when I could wriggle in
Three brushy tails still hanging down - they'd slept through all the din.

And even when the workmen came to take away the mess
And just one wall still leaning - they had taken down the rest
The final shelf, half hanging off, at forty-five degrees
Contained our friend the possum, just as comfy as you please.

We've found them in the spouting lying damply in the dew
Of course they love our roses, or a bit of fruit or two
Like the pawpaw or bananas we were going to pick that day
We'd be wholly devastated if they ever went away.

And yesterday, when I went out to give the chooks their grain
There, curled up in their hopper - yes you've guessed it, once again
So I've been up since four o'clock, composing this for you
And trying to find a recipe for grain-fed possum stew.

Fruit Collection Diary January - March 2013

SpeciesCommon NameCollection Location/
Regional Ecosystem
Acacia celsaBrown Salwood7.8.2, 7.8.4
Alphitonia petreiPink Ash7.8.2
Alstonia scholarisMilky Pine7.8.2
Athertonia diversifoliaAtherton Oak7.8.2, 7.8.3, 7.8.4
Canarium vitienseCanarium7.3.10
Castanospora alphandiiBrown Tamarind7.8.4
Cerbera inflataCassowary Plum7.8.3
Croton insularisSilver Croton7.8.3
Daphnandra repandulaGrey Sassafrass7.8.4
Darlingia darlingianaBrown Silky Oak7.8.2
Diploglottis bracteataBoonjee Tamarind7.8.2
Euroschinus falcataPink Poplar7.8.2, 7.8.3
Ficus congestaRed Leaf Fig7.8.2
Ficus crassipesRoundleaf Banana Fig7.8.2
Ficus pleurocarpaBanana Fig7.8.2, 7.8.3
Ficus septicaSeptic Fig7.8.4
Gmelina fasciculifloraWhite Beech7.8.2, 7.8.4
Homalanthus novoguineensisNative Bleeding Heart7.8.2, 7.8.3, 7.8.4
Lindera queenslandicaBollywood7.8.2
Lomandra hystrixCreek Mat-Rush7.8.2
Mallotus philippensisRed Kamala7.8.3
Melicope vitifloraNorthern Euodia7.8.2
Melodorum leichhardtiiAcid Drop Vine7.8.2, 7.8.3
Neolitsea dealbataBollywood7.8.2
Pararchidendron pruinosumTulip Siris7.8.3
Prunus turnerianaAlmond Bark7.8.2
Sloanea macbrydeiGrey Carabeen7.8.2, 7.8.4
Sundacarpus amaraBlack Pine7.8.2
Syzygium australeCreek Cherry7.8.2, 7.8.3, 7.8.4
Syzygium papyraceumPaperbark Satinash7.8.2, 7.8.4
Syzygium sayeriPink Satinash7.8.2
Syzygium wilsoniiPowderpuff Lillipilli7.8.2
Terminalia sericocarpaDamson Plum7.3.10, 7.8.2, 7.8.3
Vitex queenslandicaVitex7.8.2, 7.8.3

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