· the right tree · in the right place ·
· for the right reason ·

TREAT News | Dry Season July - September 2020

Annual General Meeting 2020

TREAT's 38th Annual General Meeting will be held on Friday 4th September at the Yungaburra Community Hall commencing at 7.30pm. Presentation of annual reports by the Nursery Manager, Treasurer and President will be followed by the election of TREAT office bearers for the next year. Nominations are invited for the various positions on the TREAT management committee and will be accepted until 20th August. A list of nominees will be available for viewing at the nursery by members for 2 weeks prior to the AGM. Members are reminded that they must be financial when voting for the new committee. Subscriptions will be accepted at the AGM. A General Meeting follows the AGM.

Our guest speaker for the evening will be Scott Morrison from Tablelands Regional Council (TRC) whose talk will be 'Beating about the bush - an overview of TRC's role in Natural Asset management in the region'. Scott is TRC's Coordinator of Natural Resource Management (NRM) and Biosecurity, and has a background in NRM in Northern Australia with Federal, State and private land management organisations.

Supper will be available following the talk, with all current Covid-19 rules and restrictions observed. The hall is large and should easily accommodate with social distancing, the usual 30 or so people who attend. Everyone is welcome, but could those intending to come, please email Doug Burchill at Doug Burchill or phone Angela McCaffrey on 0498 124 463 to ensure appropriate distancing.

Inside this issue

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Nursery News

Peter Snodgrass

Although we have finished planting on the tablelands this wet season, there has still been over 4,000 trees planted on the coastal lowlands. Volunteers from C4 (Community for Coastal and Cassowary Conservation) planted 1,500 trees on the 16 hectares of land purchased by Queensland Trust For Nature, adjacent to Japoon National Park at the foothills of the Walter Hill Ranges, in the Smith's Gap corridor area. In another area also adjacent to Japoon NP, 2,000 trees were in kind support for a roadside planting by Cassowary Coast Regional Council. Plus in ongoing work, another 500 trees were planted at Eubenangee Swamp with assistance from Mamu traditional owners.

Unfortunately we have not been able to return to our normal operating environment, but this has not halted the enthusiasm of TREAT volunteers. We have been able to catch up with tree production, and the great effort on plant maintenance means things in the nursery are looking fantastic. We are now confident there will be sufficient trees to cater for both TREAT and QPWS project commitments and, if all goes to plan, we should be able to fulfil tree applications as well. This will be subject to stocktakes over the coming months.

For National Volunteer Week, 18-24th May, Andrew Millerd, Principal Ranger for the Tablelands and Dry Tropics, wrote of the ongoing relationship between TREAT and QPWS, the accomplishments of TREAT and their eagerness to get back to work with the Covid-19 restrictions being slightly lifted at that stage. Trish and Andrew Forsyth were photographed at the potting bench and ended up on the DES (Department of Environment and Science) website.

With the end of one financial year, we are now busy for the next. The nursery was successful with a plant and equipment bid to replace our old faithful tree trailer with a larger, more ergonomic and multi-purpose trailer. The new trailer will enable us to transport a larger number of trees as well as the equipment used for site preparation and maintenance.

On 6th July the slab was poured for our new, much larger and also more ergonomic storage shed, replacing our old brown shed. We anticipate construction to be completed by the end of the month and then we can begin to fit it out and start tidying up the surrounds.

At this stage, Nick Stevens' leave has been extended until the end of August and we have been fortunate to have Simon Brown backfilling my position and Emily Bodenmann backfilling Simon's. They have both been doing an outstanding job and it is reassuring to have them here to provide adequate support to TREAT and keep the nursery functioning and production flowing smoothly.

We are currently keeping nursery attendance to 20 people at a time, with volunteers registering their interest for alternate weeks on a fortnightly roster. We do miss not having everyone here but if you are in good health and of low risk in this current Covid-19 climate and wish to come and volunteer, please give us a call at the nursery and we can put your name down to be part of the Friday morning working bee. Remember if you are not feeling well, consider the risks to others and please do not present yourself at the nursery. Instead, give us a quick call to let us know that you cannot make it that week and get in contact when you are well again.

Thank you to our staff and volunteers for the outstanding effort, your patience and cooperation in looking out for each other's well being. Stay safe.

Adrew and Trish Forsyth potting Nursery storage shed

Adrew and Trish Forsyth potting; Nursery storage shed.

Experiences during Lockdown

Dave Okeby:

When the coronavirus stopped the usual TREAT Friday mornings I gave Peter my phone number in case there was some work I could do to help things tick over. A week later he rang to see if I could do repots at home. He and Simon delivered hundreds of pots, sacks of potting mix, trays of small trees and a jar of liquid fertilizer. I set up a table and chairs out on my verandah.

Compared with the bright chatty social buzz of the nursery it was a bit boring, despite my loud background music, but I plugged away. I stored the trays of potted seedlings out of the sun and wind, and once or twice a week the boys would drive around to collect them and drop off new seedlings. Syzygiums, Figs, Acronychia, Bleeding Hearts .. .

Ann came from Atherton three times and helped; that made it more enjoyable. And my grandson helped one week too. He was quick at getting the knack of potting up gently and firmly, and it was a welcome break from teaching him Algebra and Geography.

Now we're back at the nursery again. However, it was good to have helped keep TREAT going during Lockdown.

Geoff Errey:

I had vaguely wondered how Peter and Simon were managing during the TREAT closure, but hadn't stressed about it - they hadn't rung me, so all good. Turns out that they'd drafted those members living nearby to continue the potting up, and the nursery hadn't gone into hibernation at all. Then I got the call - "we're running out of pots and trays; could you come in on Friday afternoon to wash and sterilise some more for us please?"

Come Friday, I put three loads through the steriliser there, and filled the car with over a thousand small pots, plus trays, to take home. Fortunately I have a sink at my potting bench, so pinching a brush from Peter, detergent from our camping gear and a plug from the laundry, I got them washed over the weekend and dropped them back to the nursery for Simon to steam-sterilise. When I went back the next Friday to do some more I asked him where they were. "Oh, we've sent them out again already." So more car loads went home over the next couple of weeks before we finally returned to regular Friday morning activities and I could return the plug to the laundry.

Pots Geoff washing

Tree Planting in Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

Roberta and Paul Michna

Africa's Great Green Wall project

The greening of Ethiopia is part of a mosaic of activities that contribute to the Green Wall of Africa: an ambitious project undertaken by countries across the African continent in an effort to regenerate the productivity of sub Saharan Africa - The Sahel.

Green Wall of Africa

From www.encyclopedie-environnement.org/en/life/green-wall-hope-greening-sahel/

The Green Wall is no longer a simple wall of trees as originally envisaged. Plants and re-vegetation remain at the heart of the project because, the people of the Sahel, Ethiopia included, depend heavily on plant resources to meet their daily needs in an agrosystem based on agriculture and livestock raising. Success has come by merging the concept and land management practices, balancing the protection and sustainable use of plant resources in a vulnerable region of the world.

Ethiopia's 2019 Tree Planting record

On July 29, 2019 the Ethiopian people led by Prime Minister Dr Abiy Ahmed, participated in their ambitious Green Legacy campaign which aimed to plant over 350 million trees in a single day. Over a three month planting season the goal was to plant 4 billion trees by the end of the rainy season in 2019. In order to reduce costs most seedlings were planted in poly bags and planted out as 'bare roots', the cost of tubes being prohibitive. Our contacts suggested that the retention rates would not be high, rather in the order of 50%. However the overall retention will still be staggering. What an effort and vision!

Tree Planting Day July 2019, Ethiopia

Tree Planting Day July 2019, Ethiopia from: https://onetreeplanted.org/products/ethiopia.

Ethiopia's Deforestation Issue

The loss of forests has had a huge impact on the livelihood of Ethiopian rural communities dependent on forest products for home consumption and income earning. Timber is used in construction, for energy, in food preparation, and for making farm tools for instance. Agroforestry practices have critical roles in improving land management and productivity. The connection between environmental degradation and poverty leaves food for thought in the broader international community.

On a recent trip to Ethiopia we were fortunate to be accompanied by a guide and documentary maker with an international reputation, Firew (Freo) Ayele Rede. Freo gained a degree in Geography and worked as an Aide de camp for some years in the Ministry of Agriculture where he gained some experience in re-afforestation. That work was not undertaken without resistance. He recalled with pleasure being able to view the re-afforestation of mountainous terrain now as quite mature forest, and gained satisfaction from encountering a farmer on an island in Lake Tana (source of the Blue Nile near Bahir Dar in Northern Ethiopia), who had taken to firing a shot over his head when he worked with the Ministry and was enforcing the growing of trees. The same farmer could later acknowledge the benefits of the trees grown for the bee hives that were nestled amongst them.

Conservation and Use of Biodiversity and Forests Program in Ethiopia: South Wollo Biodiversity Afforestation Project, Amhara Region of Northern Ethiopia

Freo introduced us to Alemnew Alelign Ayalew, the Afforestation Coordinator and Assistant Chief Technical Advisor for the above mentioned project, financed by the German bank Kfw. He had studied at a post graduate level internationally and very generously spoke to us, for over an hour, about the project.

Ten thousand hectares of communal land has been designated for long term timber use with its development over a six year period. The central problem identified was getting people to assume responsibility for communal land as well as their own personal allotments. The project is re-afforesting communal land and giving groups of three to five people a cash incentive to maintain it.

In an effort to encourage some biodiversity, 25% of the plants grown are indigenous and exotic long rotation tree species (10% indigenous and 15% exotic). The remaining 75% are fast growing species like Eucalyptus and Acacia decurens With these fast growing species, timber can be produced within six to seven years. The planting of the slower growing but more resilient indigenous plants is a vital part of the project, with them located in strips between areas allotted for timber plantings that bring the quicker returns. They cannot be distributed randomly throughout the area being re-afforested, and act as windbreaks as well as reducing evaporation, reducing erosion and encouraging biodiversity.

Eucalyptus has been grown in Ethiopia since 1895 and is a valued source of fuel, charcoal, poles, posts, source of essential oils, for construction, and paper and pulp manufacture; also providing honey flora, shade and wind breaks. At that time people were encouraged to protect the major indigenous forests despite the pressure on land with an expanding population. Along with over farming and livestock raising the population pressure has reduced coverage from 40% in the early 1900s to about 3% in more recent years. In the initial phases of the Green Legacy project the species were grown in degraded landscapes, marshes and in urban areas; and eventually spread into the mild mid latitudes and cool highlands, helping to rehabilitate degraded lands with steep slopes. On our trip we were fascinated to see the amount of coppicing of these species and their multi stemmed growth patterns. We also observed numerous allotments in the form of woodlots thriving in the mountainous areas.

Eucalyptus Simien Mountains.

Tree planting in Simien Mountains, Northern Ethiopia. Photo Paul Michna.

Groups in the community near the communal land in the South Wollo project are encouraged to establish small nurseries with good quality seed provided, which has the side benefit of bringing a new cash income stream for those involved. The groups responsible for establishing the forest then make an agreement purchasing the seedlings from them. Currently seeds are placed directly into individual poly bags and planted out at the beginning of the rainy season: 40% of the cash incentive is given as a down payment, 20% after one year and 40% after 2 years provided that 75% of the seedlings planted survive. The planting sites lie between 1700-3200 metres in altitude. This range is optimal for growth of the species provided. The project aims for forest growth; and the size of the allotments given is determined by the gradient of the slope and soil quality on a scale of one to three (site class I - III). It encourages conservation of soil and water and composting; all being sustainable in approach. Survival of the plants requires animals to remain tethered as fences are not constructed. They tend to be raised in small groups. To avoid livestock damage the first precondition for site selection is a ban on free grazing.

Terracing prioritised

This innovative afforestation project is one effort supported by the Ethiopian government. Additional efforts to prevent soil erosion have resulted in response to the construction of the enormous Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile, near the South Sudan border which is nearing completion. Siltation will reduce the efficiency of power generation so terracing of the rugged terrain within the Nile River drainage basin is a current major drive within the Ministry of Agriculture.

Typical landscape in the Simien Mountains Region, Northern Ethiopia.

Terracing in a typical landscape in the Simien Mountains Region, Northern Ethiopia. Photo Paul Michna.


It was wonderful being able to visit Ethiopia and see the effort being put into growing trees. This served as a reminder that Africa has placed a priority in that direction for an extended period. In 2004 the late Wangari Maathai of Kenya, Founder of the Green belt movement, was the Nobel Peace Laureate. In 2007 she launched the Billion Tree Campaign which has more recently transformed into the Trillion Tree Campaign with its vision for 2050 seen as vital for international carbon storage and protection of biodiversity.

What a Difference a Fence Makes

Angela McCaffrey

Members who have been to a TREAT Planting Workshop will hopefully remember that we always talk about the use of tree guards. Others may have driven past a planted site in winter and wondered about the pink plastic guards put around certain trees. These plastic guards are sold as frost protection guards as they create a micro climate around the base of the tree reducing the chance of death by frost. We put them around particular species which in the past have succumbed to a sharp frost. They also provide other benefits such as protection from wind and limited protection against predation by pademelons or wallabies. It is this last benefit which I'm looking at in this article.

Whenever plantings are done close to existing rainforest there is always a bit of a trade-off with predation of seedlings, especially by pademelons, and any form of protection that allows the tree to gain some height and strength in the trunk sufficient to get the crown out of harm's way is going to save that tree. At Ringtail Crossing Nature Refuge, we learnt pretty early on that at least ten of the species we regularly planted were irresistible to pademelons, and because we were going to be planting for many years to come we invested in making some heavy duty, 900mm high, cage wire guards with hardwood stakes. These were not cheap at around $5 per guard for the materials alone and it was very time consuming to make them. Luckily we had some help from Conservation Volunteers and between us we managed to make around 500 guards which is enough for around a hectare of about 3,000 seedlings. We have moved them on and off tree seedlings ever since but the timing has been critical. Getting them on to trees immediately after planting can be exhausting and when to remove them is a very hard decision; too early and the pademelons simply pull the seedling over and eat a whole year's growth in one night, too late and it becomes very hard to manoeuvre over branches and so becomes another time consuming task. Some have had to be deconstructed to get them off the tree and then remade. Still, in the end it was better than losing up to 500 trees each year.

Last year Mark and I assisted Bart and Wendy Hacobian plan the planting of a rainforest gully on their property in Millaa Millaa where a particularly aggressive fern, Hypolepis glandulifera, had prevented natural germination of seedlings. The gully is about 0.3ha so 700 trees were planted last year and a further 300 this year. Bart and Wendy had already discovered that the pademelons on their block were not fussy and happily munched through virtually everything planted and most naturally occurring seedlings, so the use of individual guards would be a costly and big job. They decided on a cheaper way which was to erect a star picket and chicken wire fence around the whole area. None of us had tried it before so we were unsure if it was high enough or strong enough to keep the pademelons out but it proved to be a really good idea. On only one occasion did a pademelon get in overnight, did a small amount of damage and was released by Bart the next day. He was able to see where it had come in and rectified the fence.

Vegetation inside and outside the fence Wendy outside the fence

Vegetation inside and outside the fence - May 2019; Wendy standing outside the fence - May 2020.

Looking at the photos, you can see almost immediately after the fence went up there is a marked difference between the vegetation inside and outside. One year on and Wendy stands in the same place just outside the fence. The contrast is astounding. The natural recruitment alone was so high that hundreds of seedlings were harvested and potted up for later use. A total of 50 native species and 7 identified non-native species, as well as several unidentified weeds, have been found within the fence line. See below for details.

Obviously this is fairly site specific, but anyone doing a planting of less than 1,000 seedlings in an area close to existing forest, should think of using this method to protect their trees for up to two years. If the wire is carefully rolled when removed it should be transferable from site to site making it a very cost effective way of protecting planted trees from predation.

Natural recruitment survey May 2020

Araliaceae Hydrocotle acutiloba
Polyscias elegans
Polyscias murrayi
Asparagaceae Cordyline cannifolia
Apocynaceae Marsdenia rostrata
Araceae Alocasia brisbanensis
Arecaceae Calamus australis
Asteraceae Ageratum houstonianum weed
Senecio bipinnatisectus(?) weed
Cannabaceae Trema tomentosa var. aspera
Commelinaceae Pollia macrophylla
Curcubitaceae Diplocyclos palmatus
Neoachmandra cunninghamii
Trichosanthes odontosperma
Cyperaceae Cyperus sp.
Gahnia sieberana
Dennstedtiaceae Hypolepis glandulifera weed
Euphorbiaceae Homolanthus novoguineensis
Mallotus paniculatus
Juncaceae Juncus usitatus
Lamiaceae Callicarpa longifolia
Plectranthus sp.
Lauraceae Litsea leefeana
Menispermaceae Legnophora moorei
Stephania japonica
Mimosaceae Acacia celsa
Monimiaceae Wilkiea angustifolia
Moraceae Ficus congesta var congesta
Ficus copiosa
Moraceae Ficus leptoclada
Ficus septica
Myrtaceae Rhodomyrtus pervagata
Passifloraceae Passiflora herbertiana
Phyllanthaceae Glochidion harveyanum var. harveyanum
Poaceae Oplismenus sp. (undulatafolius?)
Rhamnaceae Alphitonia petriei
Alphitonia whitei
Rosaceae Rubus mollucanus
Rubus queenslandicus
Rutaceae Acronychia acidula
Melicope jonesii
Zanthoxylum veneficum
Sapindaceae Synima cordierorum
Solanaceae Solanum aviculare
Solanum mauritianum weed
Solanum nigrum weed
Solanum sp (capsicoides?) weed
Solanum torvum weed
Solanum viridifolium
Urticaceae Boehmeria nivea
Dendrocnide cordifolia
Dendrocnide photinophylla
Pipturus argenteus
Urtica incisa
Verbenaceae Lantana camara weed
Vitaceae Cayratia sp.
Zingiberaceae Alpinia arctiflora

Plus various other introduced weeds and grasses.

Trail Camera Images at Kenny Road

Angela McCaffrey

In recent years conservationists and researchers have had the benefit of using trail cameras to monitor the use of vegetation by mammals. The cameras are triggered by movement but are largely silent and dark so as not to scare any animals. South Endeavour Trust (SET) and Tree Kangaroo and Mammal Group (TKMG) have embraced this technology by obtaining several cameras and using them to monitor revegetation, primary forest and hot spots such as crossing points on roads.

Lemuroid Leap Nature Refuge forms part of the Rock Road Corridor owned by SET with large areas planted from 2011 to 2017. TREAT was very much involved in the organisation of planting this area. Lemuroid Leap NR also straddles both sides of Kenny Road that creates a barrier to arboreal mammals using the corridor. In order to counter this, TKMG with assistance from Ergon Energy and Biotropica, put a rope bridge across Kenny Road with additional ropes leading from trees planted in 2014 to the bridge on both sides. Originally cameras were positioned at each end of the bridge, one owned by TKMG and the other by SET but one of these cameras was knocked over by an animal and the other for some unknown reason stopped working. They are both many metres above the road and therefore extremely difficult to service. SET also installed cameras on the ropes leading up to the bridge and Mark and I have been given the job of downloading the photos, analysing the data and keeping the cameras working. This follows on from similar work done by Maggie Inglis.

At first the cameras were set to record images around the clock but it soon became clear that, for at least 12 hours a day, all we recorded was leaves moving in the wind and the shadows moving as the light tracked around. We changed them to trigger only between 6.00pm and 6.00am and got a much more targeted result. Each camera takes three images with each trigger in order to get the best possible image of the animal, and then it waits one minute before being ready to go again. This has worked extremely well and has shown many animals using the ropes and surrounding trees every day, although the cameras are temperamental and do get knocked out of alignment by boisterous animals so the data is not continuous. However, the fact that we can see dozens of animals is amazing considering it is only about six years since these trees were planted and prior to that there were just paddocks there.

Once we have downloaded the images we record the date, time, type of animal if identifiable and the direction in which it is travelling. We have seen up to 15 triggers per night on any one side, more usually around 6, with up to five species in total using the ropes; these being Coppery Brushtails, Green Ringtails, Herbert River Ringtails, Striped Possum and Long Tailed Pygmy Possum. Lumholtz Tree Kangaroos have also shown up but only using the trees in which the cameras are placed and we suspect the ropes are too narrow for their grip. Once we have all the images collated we compare the data from the southern camera with the northern camera to look for similar animals which are moving up on one side and down on the other with a gap of between two and four minutes. These are the animals we are assuming have actually crossed the bridge and there has been a total of 33 in the first 6 months of this year, keeping in mind that there could have been more on the nights a camera hasn't functioned. Occasionally there is one which is obviously a crossing, such as a mum with a baby on its back or an identifiable animal with a damaged tail. One bit of information which surprised me was the tenacity with which a male Coppery Brushtail will pursue a female. The mum and baby show up many times over many nights but always, within a few seconds, there is another Coppery Brushtail following her, often in the same image, and we are assuming this is a suitor. This went on for days and I'm guessing that she probably gets a bit fed up of her constant shadow but that's just me imagining it. We have seen similar 'shadows' following Green Ringtails.

Of course Lemuroid Leap NR is called that for a reason and the hope is we will see a Lemuroid Ringtail Possum pretty soon, using the bridge, but as yet we can't be sure. It's actually quite difficult to tell some of the animals apart. Out in the field when spotlighting, it's really easy to tell a Lemuroid Ringtail from a Herbert River Ringtail by using the different coloured eye shine and the varying patches of white on the Herbies, but on the camera images the eye shines are indistinguishable from each other and strangely, the white patches often look grey or similar to the beige of a Lemuroid. The nose is also different but is not always shown at a convenient angle to see this difference. We hope we get some images which are indisputably Lemuroids soon.

Below is a collection of photos from the Kenny Road rope cameras showing animals that appear to have crossed, and some that have not but which are just too cute to leave out.

Coppery Brushtail possum young Green Ringtail Possum Herbert River Ringtail Possum Long Tailed Pygmy possum Striped Possum Tree Kangaroo Herbert River Ringtail Possum and young Coppery Brushtail possum young Green Ringtail Possum

Coppery Brushtail Possum and young, Green Ringtail Possum, Herbert River Ringtail Possum, Long Tailed Pygmy Possum, Striped Possum, Lumholtz Tree Kangaroo, Herbert River Ringtail Possum and young, Coppery Brushtail Possum and young, Green Ringtail Possum.

Review of the Wet Tropics Plan for People and Country

Carey Robinson

TREAT has recently provided input to the review of the regional natural resource management (NRM) plan for the Wet Tropics.

Called the Wet Tropics Plan for People and Country, it guides NRM activities and sets out the community's priorities for funding and activities in the region.

The plan was first launched in November 2015. Terrain NRM is now seeking input from community groups on updating the plan's priorities.

It's good for community groups to see their priorities reflected in this type of plan, as consistency with the plan could help to strengthen future applications for project funding. It could also help groups to plan and prioritise their activities and assist in achieving consistency and coordination across the region.

In our input to the plan review, TREAT has confirmed that our major planting priority in the next few years will be the Lake Barrine-Lake Eacham corridor.

TREAT has also suggested some new priority actions in the plan to address the increasing impacts of climate change on existing rainforest and on TREAT's reforestation plantings:

  1. Develop proactive measures to protect existing habitat, wildlife corridors and plantings from climate change impacts.
  2. Review fire risk to wildlife corridors and remnant habitat, promote community education on fire prevention and develop fire protection plans for critical habitat areas.
  3. Develop an education and extension program to raise landholder awareness of the benefits of retaining rainforest/habitat on private land.
  4. Strengthen water conservation measures to ensure sustainable water use and ensure no environmental detriment.
  5. Promote protection for waterways from inappropriate land development that could cause sediment runoff, detrimentally affect water quality and introduce weeds.

TREAT's input will go into the mix with suggestions from other groups across the Tablelands.

You can see more information on the Wet Tropics Plan for People and Country at: https://www.wettropicsplan.org.au.

Click on the Southern Tablelands link from the home page.

Seed/ Fruit Collection Diary April - June 2020

SpeciesCommon NameRegional EcosystemCollection Dates
Ackama (Caldcluvia) australiensis Rose Alder 7.8.2, 7.8.4 30/04/2020, 6/05/2020
Acronychia acidula Lemon Aspen 7.8.2 6/05/2020, 4/06/2020
Aleurites rockinghamensis Candlenut 7.8.3 30/6/2020
Alphitonia whitei Red Ash 7.8.2 1/4/2020
Backhousia citriodora Lemon Myrtle 7.8.2 28/5/2020
Brachychiton acerifolius Flame Tree 7.8.2 1/4/2020
Cananga odorata Ylang Ylang7.8.1 20/4/2020
Commersonia bartramia Brown Kurrajong 7.8.4 25/3/2020
Delarbrea michieana Blue Nun 7.8.226/4/2020
Elaeocarpus angustifolius Blue QuandongNursery 30/6/2020
Elaeocarpus foveolatus White Quandong 7.8.2, 7.8.4 4/06/2020, 11/06/2020
Elaeocarpus sp.mt.bellendenker Quandong7.8.26/5/2020
Endiandra palmerstonii Black Walnut7.8.4 4/4/2020
Eupomatia laurina Bolwarra7.8.26/05/2020, 13/05/2020
Ficus destruens Rusty Fig 7.8.2 1/4/2020
Ficus obliqua Small Leaved Fig 7.8.3 6/6/2020
Ficus pleurocarpa Banana Fig 7.8.26/5/2020
Firmiana papuana Lacewood 7.8.3 4/6/2020
Halfordia scleroxyla Jitta 7.8.2 8/6/2020
Harpullia pendula Tulipwood 7.8.2 1/4/2020
Harpullia ramiflora Claudie Tulipwood 7.3.10 22/4/2020
Helicia lamingtoniana Lamington Silky Oak 7.8.2 14/5/2020
Helicia nortoniana Norton's Oak 7.8.1 30/04/2020, 21/05/2020,11/06/2020
Karrabina (Geissois) biagiana Mahogany 7.8.1, 7.8.4 30/04/2020, 7/05/2020
Leea indica Bandicoot Berry 7.3.10 22/4/2020
Mallotus philippensis Red Kamala 7.8.3 17/4/2020
Melicope elleryana Corkwood 7.8.4, 7.8.2 7/05/2020, 28/05/2020
Melicope rubra Little Evodia 7.8.3 18/5/2020
Melicope xanthoxyloides Yellow Evodia 7.8.2 4/6/2020
Nauclea orientalis Leichhardt Tree7.3.10 21/5/2020
Neisosperma poweri Red Boat Tree 7.8.2 14/5/2020
Neolitsea dealbata Bollywood 7.8.2 1/4/2020
Phaleria clerodendron Scented Daphne 7.8.2, 7.3.1013/03/2020, 22/04/2020
Pittosporum ferrugineum Rusty Pittosporum 7.8.311/6/2020
Pittosporum revolutum Hairy Pittosporum 7.8.2 11/6/2020
Polyscias elegans Celerywood 7.8.4 7/4/2020
Pullea stutzeri Hard Alder7.8.4, 7.8.2 9/04/2020, 4/06/2020
Rhus taitentis Sumac7.3.10 8/6/2020
Schefflera actinophylla Umbrella Tree 7.8.2, 7.3.1016/04/2020, 2/06/2020
Syzygium gustavioides Grey Satinash 7.8.2 23/6/2020
Syzygium hemilamprum (was hemilampra) Blush Satinash 7.8.2, 7.3.10 4/06/2020, 21/05/2020
Syzygium oleosum Blue Lilly Pilly 7.8.3,7.8.2 2/05/2020, 10/06/2020
Syzygium smithii Creek Lilly Pilly 7.8.2 4/6/2020
Terminalia microcarpa (was sericocarpa) Damson Plum 7.3.10 22/4/2020
Ternstroemia cherryi Beech Cherry 7.8.4 27/5/2020
Xanthophyllum octandrum Mareeba Stonewood 7.8.29/04/2020, 6/05/2020
Zanthoxylum ovalifolium Thorny Yellowwood 7.8.211/06/2020, 18/06/2020

Species and Common names taken from 'Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants Edition 7' online key:


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