TREAT Newsletter Storm Season October - December 2008

Coming Events

Date and Time Event Location
Saturday 1st November 8:am Tree Planting 1,500 trees Peterson Creek Mete's
Saturday 15th November 9:00am-12:30pm Workshop Tree Id and Seeds Lake Eacham Nursery
Saturday 29th November 8:00am Tree Planting 2,000 trees Lake Barrine Caroline Emms'
Saturday 6th December 8:00am Tree Planting 2,000 treesBarron River Jim Chapman Bridge
Friday 17th December 10:00amChristmas Break-up Held at Nursery

Tree plantings: drinking water, a hat, sunscreen, gloves and trowel. TREAT provides refreshments afterwards. See the local papers for directions.

Tree ID and Seed propagation workshop: as places are limited, register with Barbara Lanskey 4091 4468 or the nursery 4095 3406 if you wish to attend.

Break-up: Friday mornings resume on 9th January.


Inside this issue

Corridors Past, Present and Future

AGM Report

Nursery News

Cardwell Range Upgrade

News in Brief

Beginnings

TREAT on TAP

Topaz Field Day

Weeds

Field Day at Crawfords

Massey Creek Field Day

Fruit Collection Diary

This newsletter is kindly sponsored by Biotropica Australia Pty Ltd.

www.biotropica.com.au»


Corridors Past, Present and Future

Colin Hunt

Map of Proposed Corridor By Lucy Hankinson and Jessica Wong

It is some time since the iconic Donaghy's corridor was established that links the Crater Lakes National Park, at Lake Barrine, with the Gadgarra forest. I took some students there in the wet season of 2007 to measure the sequestered carbon in the corridor's trees. For those who have not seen the corridor close up recently, I can confirm that it is very impressive.

The pegs that gave the planting dates were still there, facilitating our task of comparing plantations of different ages. Selecting the 1995 and 1998 plantings, we measured the girths of trees in randomly selected plots.

We found that the plots were conserving 85 tonnes and 91 tonnes of carbon per hectare respectively. At today's prices the value of carbon in Donaghy's corridor is around $8,000 per hectare. The contribution that the corridor is making to climate change stabilisation is in addition to the biodiversity benefits demonstrated by Nigel Tucker's research.

Another impressive corridor that I am familiar with is the one that runs along the Johnstone River through Ross Chapman's dairy farm. Ross never fails to find for you the tree kangaroos that have come back to live in the tall restored rainforest.

Then of course we have the Peterson Creek corridor, reaching from Lake Eacham to the Curtain Fig National Park, which is ongoing and almost complete. These corridors are a great achievement, requiring planning and team work. TREAT and other community groups who made them happen, the private landowners who hosted them and the State and Commonwealth professionals who provided support, resources and money can be proud.

However, we are not anywhere near finished with corridors on the Tablelands. The Mabi forest ecosystem is critically endangered but only a small proportion of it is protected in the Curtain Fig National Park of 271 hectares. Much of the Mabi forest on the Tablelands lies in fragments on private land, for example on Thomas Road and at Nasser's. Even the smaller fragments of Mabi have been shown by Dr Amanda Freeman to be incredibly important habitats. If we link the fragments we strengthen the chances of survival of the Mabi ecosystem.

The second largest block of Mabi, of 263 hectares, is in the Wongabel State Forest. This has survived due to the innovative policy of a forester who, 100 years ago, advocated compartments of plantations within the rainforest. Like other remnants, the Wongabel State Forest is completely isolated, but what makes a corridor practical is the fact that the Barron River runs through it. A corridor northwards along the Barron and then eastwards along Leslie Creek to the Curtain Fig National Park is an option that stands out even though it is long, traversing 11 properties.

Such a corridor would not only help the movement of fauna, but would also pick up small endangered ecosystems, such as Mabi on alluvium. Moreover, the riparian repair and exclusion of cattle from waterways would deliver much needed water quality improvement. Nasser's Mabi to the north of Wongabel is another linkage possibility, as are corridors to the south.

Given the Green Corridor initiative already underway on the Barron, together with the imperative of conserving carbon in forests, it is timely to recognise the pivotal value of Wongabel State Forest in conservation planning.


AGM Report

Ken Schaffer

The 26th Annual General Meeting of TREAT was held on the 19th September at the Yungaburra Community Hall. Thirty-seven members attended to hear very positive reports from Treasurer Carmel Panther, Ranger in Charge Nick Stevens and President Barbara Lanskey.

The Treasurer's report shows a healthy balance. Nick Stevens reported 3,450 volunteer hours were spent at the nursery, with some 46,500 seedlings being potted. The TREAT and QPW restoration projects saw 16,540 trees planted, showing TREAT'S continued close working relationship with the staff at Lake Eacham Nursery.

The President's report of the year's activities included the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding between QPW and TREAT for another 5 years, the close co-operation with other revegetation groups such as BRICMA and the continued applications for government funding to keep revegetating the Tablelands.

The election of the 2008/2009 Management Committee saw all the published nominees being elected and with no further nominations from the floor the committee was declared elected. The Committee consists of: President Barbara Lanskey, Vice President Ken Schaffer, Secretary Doug Burchill, Treasurer Carmel Panther, Members Noel Grundon (Grants Secretary), Barbara Walsh (Membership Secretary), Dawn Schaffer (TAP Co-ordinator), Shirley Prout, Bronwyn Robertson (Newsletter Editor), Geoff Onus and Frans Arentz.

The AGM was declared closed and the General Meeting followed with the coming events for the remainder of the year being outlined.

This meeting closed at 8.25pm and the President introduced the guest speaker, Nigel Tucker from Biotropica. He presented an insight into his numerous business projects which includes revegetation work at the Oktedi mine in Papua New Guinea, the re-alignment of the Bruce Highway through the Cardwell Range and many other projects both overseas and in Australia.

The evening concluded as usual with TREAT's scrumptious supper.


Nursery News

Nick Stevens

Hi All, it's great to be back from leave and to see all the seedlings leaping out of their pots with the onset of warmer weather.

Special thanks to Barry Schmith, Darren Caulfield, Kevin Mackay and everyone else who kept everything running smoothly through August. Barry was surprised by the complexity and diversity of the work we undertake and assures me that he had a really enjoyable time working at the nursery, particularly working with such a dedicated group of volunteers.

We're planning a fairly busy planting schedule again this season starting with 3 Friday morning plantings at the de Tournouer's property on Peterson Creek, aiming to plant 500 trees on each of the 10th, 17th and 24th September, to infill the 2006 planting sites damaged by Cyclone Larry and the 2007 frosts. On Saturday 1st November TREAT will plant 1,500 on Mete's property at Peterson Creek to finalise the 2008 planting program which was postponed due to flooding.

Nursery staff and TREAT will again hold the annual plant identification and propagation workshop in November. Whether you plan on growing trees for your own restoration projects or just have an interest in learning more about our local plant species this workshop is a must. Places are limited so please book a spot when you call in, or contact the nursery on 4095 3406.


Cardwell Range Upgrade: Addressing Connectivity Issues

Nigel Tucker

Many TREAT members will be aware that the Queensland Deptartment of Main Roads is currently undertaking planning for the re-alignment of the highway on the northern side of the Cardwell Range. Improving safety issues and transport efficiency have prompted this planning, and as a result the Bruce Highway will be significantly modified. The Cardwell Range area has a number of environmental features that require careful planning to ensure they remain in place to the greatest possible extent. This includes the presence of Commonwealth and State listed Endangered, Vulnerable and Rare species, two World Heritage sites north of the railway line, wetlands and a major connectivity zone linking the forests of the littoral zone and the highlands to the west. Only two other sites between Cairns and Townsville demonstrate this extent of connectivity. This of course is in addition to the area's scenic beauty and Indigenous cultural heritage values.

To protect these values, a team of engineers, ecologists, planners and designers assembled by Main Roads are developing sustainable ecological solutions to these environmental challenges. This article explains some of the problems to be overcome and the way the Main Roads planning and design team has dealt with these problems. Biotropica Australia is assisting Main Roads with the environmental management component of the design project.

The major challenge with any road upgrade project which traverses natural areas is ensuring that flora and fauna communities are not separated by such linear barriers. Roads, powerlines, railways, in fact any 'linear infrastructure' clearing tends to separate some wildlife populations by creating physical barriers which they are unable to cross, or puts them in grave danger when they do make an attempt. Road kill is a real problem for local endangered species such as Cassowaries and the Mahogany Glider, with small populations being very susceptible to unnatural decline. There are a number of ways that connectivity will be restored to limit the linear barrier effect of the new road.

The major effort to restore cross road connections is a 15.9 metre wide, 185 metre long viaduct, or 'over the canopy' bridge which will be one of the first in Queensland. To be situated just north of the existing Hinchinbrook lookout, the proposed viaduct will allow rainforest surrounding two creek systems to remain under the bridge so that all plants, and animals from cassowaries to bull ants, can potentially have safe and unrestricted passage beneath the road. Sounds easy, but in reality this is a major undertaking. Importantly, how will the forest beneath a solid bridge structure react to a complete loss of natural light and rainfall? To better understand the implications of this our group re-examined Biotropica data from another Main Roads project (Kuranda Range Upgrade), one similar study we located in Germany and then worked with staff from James Cook University to gauge likely impacts. The graphs below are from our 2005 study and show how the type of light used by plants (Photosynthetically Active Radiation or PAR), and moisture, were affected under seven bridges across the Wet Tropics. Figure 1 shows that light on the eastern side of a bridge can be similar to the light at the mid point beneath. Soil moisture however varies significantly, with much less soil moisture at the mid point when compared to the edge (see Figure 2).

Figure 1: Mean (±1 S.E.) PAR (Direct + Diffuse) readings at each bridge postision. Source: Biotropica 2005; Figure 2: Mean (± 1SE) soil moisture content (%) in relation to bridge position. Source: Biotropica (2005)

Mean PAR (Direct + Difuse) readings at each bridge postision. Mean soil moisture content (%) in relation to bridge position.

JCU studies looked specifically at how different groups of rainforest plants would tolerate the changes in light. This study found that most groups would receive enough light to stay alive and some groups, especially understorey plants, would perform better than others such as canopy trees. Biotropica data showed that epiphytes and orchids would be unlikely to survive, and most plants would be severely affected by the removal of natural water from above. Interestingly, data from the German study was remarkably similar and an alliance is being forged with our foreign counterparts to share data and mutually benefit from this similarity.

As a result of these studies, it is proposed that disturbed forest beneath the viaduct will be replanted post-construction with two main understorey plants, and an overhead irrigation system will be installed to ensure a natural distribution of water across the entire forest and ground surfaces. It is intended that the old (existing) road will be ripped up and replanted with cassowary food plants. Planning for these features is now well underway.

The viaduct is the connectivity centrepiece but this represents just 185m across the 4.2 kilometre upgrade. To address connectivity through the rest of the upgrade, it is proposed that a system of underpasses and rope bridges and one overpass will be installed, specifically targeted at Cassowaries and Mahogany Gliders. Underpasses are 3m x 3m culverts at points where the new road will be narrow enough to allow wildlife a clear view of habitat at either end of the culvert. Fortunately the locations of these underpasses coincide with known Cassowary feeding zones and crossing points, hopefully ensuring that resident birds will adapt more quickly to other construction-related changes. To encourage their use, cassowary food plants would be established close to the entrance points.

Rope bridges similar to those on the Palmerston Highway will be installed at three locations, reflecting known Glider crossing points and the preferred food plants and habitat of Mahogany Gliders. Previous studies by Main Roads and JCU have shown that once animals 'learn' about rope bridges, they are likely to be used by many different species. All of these options will be closely monitored for effectiveness, including the rope bridges whose value is recorded by using spotlighting, radio tracking and infrared cameras.

At the northern end of the project a new overpass is proposed over the existing rail line to separate vehicle and train traffic. The relative infrequency of train movements makes this another ideal location to encourage connectivity. Nestled within Mahogany Glider habitat, the cleared area surrounding the overpass will be replanted with lower growing food plants. Grass trees, Paperbarks and various Acacias will be strategically replanted. Just north of the rail overpass is the merging of the Wet Tropics and Great Barrier Reef World Heritage areas. A dedicated fish crossing point will remain at this point, completing the suite of life forms and management options being employed to maintain habitat connectivity.

Clearly these are long term strategies designed to be sustainable over many decades. They reflect the need to ensure that within ecologically sensitive areas such as the Cardwell Range, development and conservation must be intertwined to the greatest possible extent.


News in Brief

Barb Lanskey

Mabi Forest Recovery Team

TREAT is part of the Mabi Forest Recovery Team which met again in September to discuss progress and future actions. Much was said about the Wongabel State Forest where Colin Hunt held a field day in August to highlight the regeneration of Mabi forest in older forestry plantings.

The small booklet on Mabi forest printed in 2000 is to be reprinted with some updates. This was a very popular booklet. It describes the attributes and history of this forest type and lists the flora and fuana.

Green Corridor

The Green Corridor Project Manager is now Penny Scott (previously was Kim Forde) and Geoff Onus who was previously the Project Officer, is now the Landscape Rehabilitation Officer. Both are hosted by Terrain NRM and work as part of the Barron River Integrated Catchment Management Association (BRICMA) team.

Penny and Geoff are based in Yungaburra at 11 Cedar St, ph 4095 2055 or 4095 3055.

There is another Green Corridor planting at the Jim Chapman bridge on Saturday 6th December. It is a great opportunity to come back and see the progress of the first Green Corridor plantings there in December 2006.

To date, since the first on-ground works started in July 2006, the Green Corridor has planted over 60,000 trees on 11 sites to rehabilitate 55 hectares in the Lower, Central and Upper zones of the Barron River.

If landowners along the Barron or in the catchment area wish to be involved in this fantastic project, please contact Penny or Geoff.

Joan's 90th

Joan Wright, one of our founders way back in 1982 had her 90th birthday in September. Joan and James live at Ozcare in Malanda and came with me to the nursery on Friday morning so we could celebrate the occasion and show her our appreciation. Joan is a great talker and inspiration and enjoyed seeing so many of her comrades who came especially to chat to her.


Beginnings

Beth Smyth

I bought a 5 acre block of mostly cleared land off Russell Pocket Road in 1984 intending to reafforest it in the future. Having joined TREAT about the same time I was full of enthusiasm. However, as usual life does not always go according to plans or dreams. The few trees I managed to plant were abandoned while I moved to Brisbane and only the Bunya Pines hung in to flourish. Then last year I organised to build a shed on the block and 13 months later it is finished almost to my expectations. At about this time I again joined TREAT and, with my willing partner Ian, we have visited the Tablelands and the Friday morning working bees off and on since then.

So much for the block's background. It is still about three quarters cleared and the neighbour's cattle have grazed the grass keeping it under control for me. The forested area is mostly acacia regrowth with rainforest species struggling through. We are still living in Brisbane and so cannot nurture the new plantings regularly. The shed has a tank attached so water is not a problem yet, although in the future I may be able to use my easement down to Maroobi Creek.

We began to collect information such as soil type, altitude, rainfall, climate and frost frequency. The block slopes down towards the creek and faces south. The tank is at the top of this slope. Our friends at a Friday morning recommended the Goosem and Tucker book "Repairing the Rainforest". This was invaluable in giving us the rehabilitation method we finally selected - Framework species method (p25). 'This involves only one planting and is a self-sustaining approach relying on the local gene pool to increase species and life form diversity'. This means the species are selected for their toughness, attraction for wildlife, regenerative ability and ability to produce fruit and flowers early. This seemed a perfect answer for us currently absentee landowners.

Because the altitude zone is uplands, climatic zone is moist and geology type is metamorphic, we are in GROUP 6. On page 53 of the book the list of species recommended included some pioneers and other rainforest types which grow to various heights. Their final height decided us on how far from the shed and future house we planted our trees. Over the February/ March wet period we began. Our families came up to the block and planted their own trees. As the grandchildren grow they will be able to watch their trees grow too!

Planting Method: kill grass with glyphosate, dig hole, put fertiliser in hole (2 handsful blood and bone + 0.5 handful of nitrophoska), plant tree + small handful blood and bone, water well, finally put 0.5 handful nitrophoska around tree and mulch well (newspaper,cardboard, grass clippings).

We were unsure how many of these babies needed to be guarded from our furry predators and the advice was "that they love bleeding hearts, quandongs and some figs".

Five months later we found the Umbrella Tree dead, a Lemon Aspen, a Milky Pine and a Mallotus. Lack of water or predation? Many trees were still alive even though as new leaves formed, the wallabies had chewed them. So more guards went on in early September as well as more mulch, fertiliser and water.

Now some advice: make sure that the trees are labelled as you collect them and the label is attached to the tree. I thought if I drew a diagram and noted where the trees were planted all would be well. Not so! I got confused trying to compare my diagram to the planting. Tags in the ground beside trees were missing too so I have a few deaths that are a mystery.

Nevertheless, we feel wonderful to have started our project and are looking forward to the next wet season planting.


TREAT on TAP

Dawn Schaffer

The TAP (Tree Awareness Programme) team had a very satisfying day when nine prep students from the Cairns Rudolf Steiner School visited the nursery. These children aged 5 to 6 years were very keen to learn and we were surprised as to how much they already knew and understood about our local environment.

Of all the activities we offered, they especially enjoyed potting on some Syzygiums and working together to complete our large wooden jigsaw puzzles. Rob Mian and Antonia Chew were commissioned to paint and construct these puzzles in the early years of the TAP program. The puzzles consist of three pictures. The base picture explains the workings of a tree, the second puzzle evokes discussion about what trees give us and the third about what trees do for our wildlife.

This was the first time we have had children as young as this visit us, so we adapted our activities and worksheets to their level. From the children's responses, the day was very successful and we look forward to having other prep groups visit us.

Thank you to their teacher and the parents who accompanied her.


Topaz Field Day

Lorraine Lamothe

On an unusually, for Topaz, sunny day Kylie Freebody and Larry Crook (of the Tablelands Community Revegetation Unit) led approximately thirty people for a tour of Jeremy Russel-Smith and Diane Lucas' property on Candow Road. For TREAT members the approach along the property, which borders on the Wooroonooran National Park, was marked by the wide spacing of the trees. All was to be explained in due course.

Jeremy and Diana live in Darwin and have done so since buying the Topaz property. They have also paid for the planting of most of the 10,000 or so trees they have put in since 1999. This constraint, together with some environmental factors, determined how Jeremy and Diane structured their plantings.

The economic factor induced them to go with the cheapest approach with a predictable outcome. Hence most of the plantings are to forestry standards, that is, 3 by 3 metres. Although these plantings need maintenance for at least 7 years (maintenance by both slashing and spraying) the immediate planting costs are reduced. The forestry plantings included 15 local cabinet timber species in the genera Agathis, Alphitonia, Araucaria, Athertonia, Buckinghamia, Cardwellia, Castanospermum, Cryptocarya, Darlingia, Elaeocarpus, Emmenosperma, Flindersia and Toona.

There are a few habitat plantings, particularly along the creek nearest the living area, and these nine year old plantings have attained crown closure and, moreover, did not suffer the same degree of damage from Cyclone Larry as the adjacent forestry plantings. The habitat plantings are only 1.8 metres apart. Not all of these plantings have thrived, probably related to the soil conditions on the property. Although some areas are of fertile basalt others are on metamorphic clays; on these poorer soils only some species were successful. These, and other species which self sowed, were used in subsequent plantings. In one of the later plantings (Stage 8) we saw Stockwellia which had been planted from cutting stock. It was interesting to see that apical dominance was lost in these individuals, all of which had multiple stems.

Two other related environmental conditions that have made plantings difficult include the hilly terrain coupled with high rainfall. Access is difficult during the late wet season, adding to maintenance issues.

Although economic constraints were cited as a reason for choosing forestry plantings over habitat plantings, in fact the economics have not been adequately tested. Kylie and Larry are now conducting trials by planting similar species under similar conditions but varying the planting spacing. By closely monitoring initial implementation and subsequent maintenance costs, they hope to be able to establish the relative planting costs of each method.

This was an extremely interesting demonstration of one couple's revegetation efforts. It was a pity only that we could not talk to Jeremy or Diane personally as they were both in Darwin.


Weeds

Simon Burchill

Inspired by working in Mackay for two years co-ordinating the strategic control of weeds in the Mackay-Whitsunday region, it occured to me that the TREAT website could do with a section on weeds. In recent TREAT newsletters there have been some articles on weeds, notably Nigel Tucker's in April-June 2008. If you know where to look there is a lot of information already available on the internet on a wide variety of weeds, so it makes sense to use the capabilities of the internet to provide links to the best of this information.

This raises questions such as what information would be useful to TREAT members and what weeds are a problem in particular for revegetation in the areas where TREAT members live and grow trees. From consulting the TREAT committee, Noel Grundon suggested concentrating on those weeds that are a problem in Mabi forest as Peterson Creek is mostly Mabi forest. Elinor Scambler asked whether there were environmental weeds that are a problem for Mabi forest but not particularly for other habitats, due to the relatively open canopy of Mabi especially in the dry season.

I am developing a weeds section on the TREAT website and so far it contains:

Any input from TREAT members on weeds or information that they would find useful would be welcome. Please contact me on 4095 3644 or email: Simon Burchill or write to TREAT at PO Box 1119, Atherton Q 4883.

If you have any weeds that are particularly troublesome and that you cannot identify, bring a photo or specimen to the nursery and someone will try to assist with identification. If bringing any weed specimen to the nursery, make sure that the specimen is secure to ensure that you do not spread the weed. Bring either a fresh specimen in a sealed plastic bag or a pressed specimen. Refer to the Kids Page in the TREAT newsletter July-September 2008 or the Queensland Herbarium website for information on collecting and pressing plant/ weed specimens.


Field Day at Crawfords

Geoff Errey

I joined TREAT in 2004 and I believe I still bear the mental scars of my first planting that January - Burchills' on Peterson Creek, no shade, 38 degrees celcius, brick-hard soil, 90% humidity, etc. So my second planting at Don and Jill Crawford's a couple of weeks later was altogether a much more pleasant experience; friable soil for filling the holes, overcast sky, milder temperature. (I may have imagined the celestial choir.) I even went back for their next planting twelve months later.

On Saturday 9 August I joined 35 others at Don and Jill's place for TREAT's third Field Day for 2008, keen to see the progress of these plantings, and the others that have been a part of the Crawfords' activities since they bought their Gadgarra Road property in 1999. We gathered around the shed first and looked at the photo boards which showed how the property had appeared back then; a generous covering of lantana and tobacco bush which even prevented the front gate being opened.

Don began by outlining the history and purpose of their plantings. The property is midway between Lakes Eacham and Barrine and lies along the Lakes corridor. An eroded gully attracted early revegetation attention, becoming a Cassowary corridor courtesy of a grant from Birds Australia. Each year the Crawfords have selected another section of the 16hectare block and, with meticulous preparation and vigilant maintenance, have added several thousand more trees, to an estimated current total of around 28,000.

Don and Jill then took us on a walking tour of their plantings; mostly restoration work but with a farm forestry plot as well. Don talked at each stage about the species selection, planting and weeding techniques and the successes and setbacks in their work (like Cyclone Larry which wiped out their stand of Hoop pines). With advice and assistance from TREAT and QPW nursery staff, other local experts like Nigel Tucker and knowledge gained from their own experiences, Don and Jill have produced an outstanding example of rainforest restoration.

They have learned that trees planted mainly at 1.5m intervals quickly created a forest-like appearance. Don said that weeding has become unnecessary in a shorter period of time as canopy closure is achieved quicker than the usual 3-4 years. (Although in some instances, establishing a canopy at a height of 60cm did present problems of hands-and-knees access!) He contrasted the neighbouring Lakes corridor which, twelve years on, still has significant weed infestation because of its wider spacings.

Most of the trees have come from their own nursery which they established when they realised the task they had set themselves. The satisfaction of planting their own seedlings is an added bonus to the obvious enjoyment that Don and Jill have gained from their efforts. The birds which are being attracted to the site are continuing the work of recruiting new species to the mix. The "hedge" of Guioa acutifolia, self-sown on the alignment of an old perchable fence, was just the most obvious example.

From the comments I heard around the afternoon tea table afterwards, no-one had anything but praise and awe at the amount of work which has gone into this most successful project. It was a wonderful lesson to everyone present of how much effort has to be expended to get our restoration work right, but also of what rewards await us if we do.

Next year will see the completion of their plantings; the culmination of ten years work. I hope they don't get ideas of relaxation - the queue starts behind me.


Massey Creek Field Day

Darren Caulfield

On a bleak Saturday afternoon, a group of 14 people gathered at the entrance to the Massey Creek plantings. The group was given a brief introduction to the history of the plantings by Ranger Peter Snodgrass. The Massey Creek plantings are in the Tully Gorge National Park. The forest type is simple to complex notophyll vine forest on basalt (RE 7.8.4) and granite and rhyolites (RE 7.12.16).

As the group entered the older plantings they were captivated by what they saw; the planted trees as tall as 10m, an almost completely closed canopy and little Acacia melanoxylon (Black Wattle) coming up everywhere. It was a real eye-opener to see the different stages of plantings that began in 1998, 1999 and 2000. The 2002 site showed the significant damage grass and weeds can do in a planting site when maintenance is low, due to ongoing rain and inaccessibility.

The walk then proceeded along to where the 2008 planting took place, so that the group could see the more recent sites.

The plantings that have become more established provide shelter and protection for wildlife, which use them as a corridor. So that is why future plantings are a necessity. Future plantings will be held in the next couple of years and this will see the Massey Creek restoration area extended.

After the walk it was time for a hot cuppa and a slice of Barb's fruitcake. Many people on the day were impressed by what they had seen and asked some good questions. Also a big thank you to Peter Snodgrass for giving his time to take us on the walk and informing us of the area.


Fruit Collection Diary July - September 2008

SpeciesCommon NameCollection Location/ Regional Ecosystem
Acronichya vestitaFuzzy Lemon Aspen7.8.2
Alloxylon flammuemSatin Oak 7.8.3
Arytera pauciflora Rose Tamarind7.8.2
Caldcluvia australienseRose Alder7.8.2, 7.8.4
Cardwellia sublimusNorthern Silky Oak7.3.10
Chionanthus ramifloraNative Olive7.8.2
Cryptocarya oblataTarzali Silkwood7.8.4
Cryptocarya onoprienkoanaRose Maple7.8.2
Davidsonia pruriensDavidson's Plum7.8.2
Elaeocarpus eumundiiEumundi Quandong7.8.2
Endiandra sankeyanaSankey's Walnut7.8.2
Ficus crassipesRound-leaf Banana Fig7.8.4
Ficus obliquaSmall Leaf Fig7.8.2, 7.3.10
Ficus pleurocarpa Banana Fig7.8.2
Ficus racemosaCluster Fig7.3.10
Glochidion harveyanumHarvey's Buttonwood 7.8.2
Glochidion philippicumDaintree Cheese Tree7.3.10
Mischocarpus macrocarpusLarge Fruited Mischocarp 7.8.4
Olea paniculataNative Olive7.8.2
Orites megacarpa 7.8.2
Phaleria clerodendronScented Daphne 7.8.2
Pittosporum venulosumRusty Pittosporum7.8.2, 7.8.4
Pleiogynium timorenseBurdekin Plum7.3.10
Rhodomyrtus pervagataMallet Wood7.8.2, 7.8.4
Sauropus macranthusAtherton Sauropus7.8.3
Syzygium boonjeeBoonjee Satinash7.8.2
Syzygium cormiflorumBumpy Satinash7.8.1
Syzygium kurandaKuranda Satinash7.8.2
Toechima erythrocarpumPink Tamarind7.3.10

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