TREAT Newsletter Storm Season October - December 2010

Coming Events

Date TimeEventLocationCollaboration
Sat 13th Nov 9am - 12.30pmWorkshopNurseryTREAT/ QPWS
Sat 20th Nov 7.30amPlanting
1500 trees
Raso'sBCC/ TREAT
Sat 4th Dec 7.30amPlanting
2000 trees
Bonadio'sBCC/ TREAT

Tree Identification and Seed Propagation Workshop

This popular workshop is held each year at the Lake Eacham nursery. Participants need to register by contacting either the nursery on 4095-3406 or Barbara Lanskey on 4091-4468 as places are limited. The workshop is free. It is held as two sessions, separated by a morning tea provided by TREAT. One of the sessions deals with identification of trees by looking at leaf characteristics and is given by TREAT's Alan Gillanders; the other session is about propagating trees from different types of seed and is given by QPWS's Peter Snodgrass. Anyone interested in the different types of rainforest trees and growing trees themselves are encouraged to attend.


Inside this issue

More Green Corridor planting

Caring For Our Country

Millaa School's Project

Effects of the 2007 Frosts

Green Corridor Lessons

On a Mission for Conservation

Nursery News

AGM Report

Gift Tree Cards

Fruit Collection Diary

This newsletter is kindly sponsored by Biotropica Australia Pty Ltd.

www.biotropica.com.au»


More Green Corridor planting

Penny Scott

After a quiet time in terms of planting last year, the Green Corridor is ramping up its activity again, thanks to several successful grants, and the continued support of the Cairns Airport P/L and other partners. Up on the Tablelands, we received a $24,000 grant through Landcare Australia - a bequest from a long-term resident of Cairns (Dally Estate).

For this money, the Green Corridor has committed to restoring 2.5 hectares of Mabi forest. With the assistance of our Green Army team, and trees from the QPWS Lake Eacham nursery, we believe we can achieve this goal. The bulk of this rehabilitation will be undertaken on Bonadio's property. They are keen to expand on their revegetation and the contribution they make to the growing forest on their land is always a great help.

We will be planting a total of around 5000 lovely Mabi trees and welcome TREAT volunteers to come and give us a hand at a community planting day - with the aim of getting 2000 trees in the ground. This planting will be Saturday 4th December and will celebrate Tropical Tree Planting day.

In addition to this grant, we have also been successful in securing a Reef Rescue grant to continue the exciting work in the Spring Creek catchment, which was started last year (in partnership with the Tablelands Regional Council) with the Griffin Road Detention Ponds, which we estimate trapped around 350 tonnes of sediment in this last wet season. We will be working on some more water detention structures and revegetation in the nearby area. We will also be doing some revegetation on Mario Raso's property in the Cherry Creek catchment where significant engineering works were undertaken recently by council, using flood disaster funding. This site is in desperate need of planting to stabilise the soil and provide more lasting protection against erosion. We will be holding a community planting day to do this on Saturday 20th November, putting in around 1500 trees. It is an extremely interesting site and different from many of the TREAT sites. So come along and have a look, and find out more about the Reef Rescue project in this area.


Caring For Our Country

Barb Lanskey (TREAT) and Ellen Weber (WTMA)

Indications are that the Wet Tropics Management Authority (WTMA) has been successful in securing funds through the Commonwealth Government's Caring for Our Country (CfOC) program in a project that seeks to mobilise landholders to improve landscape connectivity in two key upland refugia on the Atherton Tablelands, and reconnect valuable habitat for numerous endemic, endangered and vulnerable plants and animals in and around the World Heritage Area.

WTMA will take the lead coordinating role and facilitate the delivery of the project in partnership with its bid partners including the Conservation Volunteers Australia (CVA), the Tablelands Regional Council Revegetation Unit (TCRU), Malanda and Upper Johnstone Catchment Landcare Association (MLc), Tree Kangaroo and Mammal Group (TKMG), Centre for Tropical Biology and Climate Change at James Cook University (CTBCC-JCU) and the Centre for Innovative Conservation Strategies Griffith University (GU). The Authority will also work closely with Jirrbal and Njadjon-jii Traditional Owners to realise their aspirations on the land and seek opportunities for indigenous engagement and delivery of on-ground initiatives.

TREAT is also one of the key partners in the project and will play a vital role in organising and promoting community planting days.

The project is located at two corridors adjacent to the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area (WTWHA) along the Herberton Range. One is the East Evelyn gap and the other is in the Mt Hypipamee environs (see attached map).

The East Evelyn gap and road bisects the World Heritage Area (WHA) and the cleared land creates a barrier to wildlife movement. The break in the WHA created by the East Evelyn road is relatively narrow and there are a number of options to restore the adjacent rainforest through revegetation and regrowth/remnant enhancement. Previous investment by the Department of Transport and Main Roads (DTMR) to create fauna underpasses has been very successful. This work will complement these efforts.

Similarly, the 1000ha remnant in the Mt Hypipamee environs is separated from the WHA by a narrow (about 1 km) cleared corridor comprising a mix of land uses. Already a number of properties in this area are being managed by landholders for conservation purposes, including Nature Refuges. Planting vegetation corridors and "stepping stones", combined with stimulation of natural regeneration, and creating micro-habitats within restored landscapes, will be used to re-establish connectivity to the adjacent WHA.

Restoration activities in this part of the landscape is very important, as recent research and modelling carried out by the Centre for Tropical Biology and Climate Change (at JCU) indicates that 15% of Wet Tropics habitat identified as cool refugia is unprotected and should be targeted areas for conservation. The cool refugia of the Tablelands make up 25% of Wet Tropics rainforest and contain 45% of endemic Wet Tropics vertebrate species.

Research by Williams and Hilbert (2006) and more recently Shoo et al 2009, supports the site locations chosen to undertake this work and identifies them as important areas to increase native habitat as it will improve the resilience of cool refugia, offering the best chance to accommodate species struggling with the impacts of climate change.

The project identifies a range of delivery partners each of which will contribute in various ways to on ground delivery of the project. The principal activities include revegetation of cleared land, rehabilitation of remnant and regrowth vegetation, controlling Lantana at key locations and developing management agreements with landholders.

This promises to be a terrific project and the creative ideas in the proposal and the strong community engagement involved in its development, reflect very well on the partners involved in developing the bid.

WTMA will be establishing a coordination committee with key project partners pending formal advice from the Commonwealth regarding funding for the project.

If you are interested in learning more about this project please contact Max Chappell at: max.chappell@derm.qld.gov.au or (07) 4052 0560.


Millaa Millaa School's Project

Barb Lanskey

Daley

Shelley Daley and her son Nathan plant a tree that will be three years old when Nathan starts school

In the recent school holidays, Stephen Fresta, the principal of Millaa Millaa State School, showed me around the plot of tree plantings which the school has done in the last few years. Angela McCaffrey and Catriona Arnold-Nott joined us as they were involved in the plantings. I was very interested to see the plantings as TREAT has been helping the school with them and I'd heard glowing reports.

Usually TREAT's school education program involves students visiting the Lake Eacham nursery; maybe later a planting is done at the school, preferably during some wet weather when the trees can get a good start. Over the years, we've seen many unsuccessful plantings at schools where there are insufficient funds for a groundsman to do little more than mowing, and many trees have succumbed to mower blades. Others have suffered from lack of attention in the dry and too many weeds in the wet.

These plantings are different. Firstly they are done in July, on Planet Ark's tree planting day for schools, and secondly the trees are thriving. It soon became clear why.

Stephen showed me a book produced from the pages of a log book kept by a student, John Bailey, when he was a member of the school's Forestry Club in 1950. It is fascinating to read what was taught to the students in those days, but importantly, John had a drawing of a plot of trees planted at the school between 1939 and 1949, and this is the same plot where the current plantings are. In John's time there were four defined forestry areas. Two of the areas were planted with Kauri pines, another with Hoop pines and the last area contained mixed varieties.

Over the sixty years until now, many of the trees have died. Stephen explained that a lot of the Hoop pine tops are damaged in storms, and fungus attack then slowly kills those trees. Most of the trees remaining are tall and impressive Kauri pines and I saw a tall Maple as well.

When Stephen came to the school in 2006, he noticed that the Guinea grass under the trees was growing very well and reasoned that young trees should be able to grow there too in the ample light under the sparse canopy. So he registered the school as a Planet Ark site, obtained approval from the Parents and Citizens group to use the pine plot as a starting point, and contacted TREAT for advice on tree species and planting methods.

Dawn Schaffer was TREAT's schools coordinator in 2007 and Angela is familiar with the tree species of the area as she lives close by. They organised trees from TREAT, used TREAT's auger to dig holes, and placed the trees appropriately. The school cleared the grass from the site and supplied fertiliser and mulch, and the trees were planted with fertiliser mixed into the bottom of each hole. Then mulch was placed around each tree to suppress weeds. The local fire brigade came to the planting and watered the trees, much to the children's delight.

Being a small school, every student is involved in planting a tree. Stephen had drawn up a numbered grid of the established trees in the pine plot and this was used to determine the exact location of each new tree, e.g. 7.3 across, 8.5 down. The scientific name of each tree is recorded, with the name of the student who planted it and its position in the plot. This gives each student the ownership of a tree and in subsequent years, Dawn related they were eager to show her how their particular tree was growing. Very few trees died, but often a student was then able to take ownership of a seedling which had germinated nearby. Sufficient seedlings germinated for it to be unnecessary to replace any tree that died.

The 2010 planting is next to the pine plot, but in full sun, on an area of bank around the oval. Again Stephen had devised a grid system for the planting. At the end of this planting is a majestic old Camphor Laurel tree providing wonderful shade for children overlooking the oval. I asked Stephen if future plantings would continue past this tree along the bank of the oval to the boundary fence of the grounds. We ascertained that may take 5 or 6 years to complete but the plantings would then link up with a planting done by TREAT in 1987 outside the grounds next to the road. Afterwards Angela and I walked along the road to look at the 1987 planting. The sign which indicated it was a TREAT planting was still there, albeit rather rusty and leaning, and many trees are mature, providing good shade for the oval from the western sun. Where trees had died and there is little canopy, weeds have grown. At the end of the road, this planting links up with a regrowth area at the back of the golf course.

Fitzgerald

Janine Fitzgerald gets some advice from Mr Henry Tranter, 2007

On a previous TREAT school visit many years ago, I'd seen a Botanical Walk near the school and I was keen to look at it again, so Stephen took us along to it, the entrance being just past the school grounds. There is a sign there to note that what looks like a remnant patch of forest is actually regrowth, as the area was clear-felled in 1916. Angela explained that it is the start of the regrowth patch at the golf course. Walking inside where there is a closed canopy, we could immediately feel transported back in time before clearing. This is a great resource for the school to have next door.

On returning, Stephen showed me the book produced for each year's planting. It contains the grid drawing and the list of trees planted and by whom. At the front is a report of the day's planting with various photographs. At the back of the 2008 book that I perused, are the project sheets of the students about their trees. They had examined the age, height, number of branches and leaves (noting whether they were compound leaves), made comments, drawn a sketch according to height and width, and included the common and scientific names of their tree. There was also provision on the sheet for the derivation of the scientific name. Each year the study of the trees varies. Many of the comments made me smile: "the caterpillars are eating my tree", "my tree is dead", "taller than me", "my tree is short like me", "I love my tree", "it's not a very happy tree", "bended but lovely", "I think it's grown", "it is a good tree to have".

I was most impressed with Stephen's organisation of each year's planting, the care of the trees and how they have become part of the students' learning. This is one school where students will look back and want to revisit their trees, and I expect a lot of them will be future tree planters and members of TREAT.


Effects of the 2007 Frosts on Riparian Mabi Restoration

Along the Barron River, Atherton Tablelands

Tim Curran, Ellen Reid & Christian Skorik
(The School for Field Studies)

Introduction

In June and July 2007 the Atherton Tablelands experienced a series of severe frosts. There were substantial crop losses and considerable impacts on restoration projects; for instance, over 2,000 seedlings were reported killed by these events (Geoff Onus pers. comm.). When driving around the Tablelands in the aftermath of these frosts there were some obvious patterns in the impacts on native flora.

First, there were parts of the landscape where the frost damage seemed more prevalent or severe. These included higher elevation areas, such as near Ravenshoe and near the Millstream on the Kennedy Highway, particularly on rainforest margins or in young rainforest regrowth. Another part of the landscape which experienced severe frosts was the low-lying areas of the Tablelands, such as the Barron River. Cold air drains into these areas causing even colder temperatures than surrounding areas (Sakai & Larcher 1987; Scowcroft & Jeffrey 1999).

A second discernable pattern was that different species experienced different levels of damage. This was particularly evident in severely impacted areas such as the riparian Mabi plantings along the Barron River (Figure 1). Information on the relative frost susceptibility of different species would be very useful for planning future restoration projects, for severe frosts do occur infrequently on the Atherton Tablelands, particularly in areas which have lost the buffering microclimate of a rainforest canopy (Duff & Stocker 1989). Coupled with the fact that seedlings are usually more vulnerable to frost than adult trees (Sakai & Larcher 1987), it is likely that severe frosts could reduce the success of rainforest restoration on the Atherton Tablelands. Despite the potential importance of frost impacts on restoration in a wide range of ecosystems, there are very few studies of this in the scientific literature, with the notable exception of research in upland Hawaii (Scowcroft & Jeffrey 1999; Scowcroft et al. 2000), further emphasizing the necessity of such work.

To help address this knowledge gap we conducted surveys of frost damage (as represented by proportion of foliage lost) on 749 individuals from 45 species at two sites near the Barron River (Curran et al. 2010). The two sites were at the Bonadios property along the river (the 'riverbank site' from Curran et al. 2010) and at Picnic Crossing (the 'bench site'). Our main aims were to determine: 1) which species were most frost resistant (i.e. least damaged); and 2) whether shelterbelts of mature vegetation (Figure 2) ameliorate frost effects on seedlings.

Frost damage in July 2007

Figure 1. Frost damage in July 2007 on the Bonadio's property along the Barron River, immediately south of the Jim Chapman Bridge, Gillies Highway

Main findings

Different species experienced different levels of damage. The most frost resistant species was Casuarina cunninghamiana subsp. cunninghamiana which on average retained 96.6% of its foliage. Other resistant species included Agathis robusta (90% foliage retention), Mallotus phillipensis (87.7%), Acmena smithii (84.5%), Melaleuca (formerly Callistemon) viminalis (84.4%) and Syzygium australe (79.6%). Most of these species are commonly found in riparian areas, which may explain their ability to withstand frost. Two of these species (Casuarina and Melaleuca) are best considered riparian species and are never found in rainforest except along creeklines (Hyland et al. 2002). Agathis robusta (Kauri Pine) is a conifer and is likely more resistant to frost because of its vascular system, which is solely comprised of tracheids (Feild & Brodribb 2001).

The most frost-susceptible species included Syzygium sayeri (0%), Ficus pleurocarpa (0%), Zanthoxylum veneficum (0.3%), Syzygium kuranda (0.3%), Aleurites rockinghamensis (0.8%) and Terminalia sericocarpa (1.8%). This last species, and several others which had low foliage retention, are deciduous species and recovered their foliage after the frost event, so there may not be longer-term impacts on these species.

We found that seedlings planted under a shelter belt experienced much less damage than those of the same species in exposed areas. Foliage retention for seedlings planted under the shelterbelt canopy ranged from 89-100%; for unprotected seedlings it ranged from 2-67%.

There are two main implications for practice from this study (Curran et al. 2010). First, careful choice of species for frost prone areas is very important. For instance, we would recommend the use of species from frost-prone habitats (e.g. riparian zones) or with frost resistant traits (e.g. conifers). However, this is not to say that only these species should be planted; the costs and benefits should be weighed (e.g. what is the ecological importance of frost susceptible species? How frequent are frosts?). Finally, the effects of frost can be mitigated, especially for susceptible species, by planting under a mature canopy, even narrow shelterbelts.

Typical shelterbelt of mature rainforest

Figure 2. Typical shelterbelt of mature rainforest trees near the Barron River

Future studies

This study represents the first of several projects we are running to investigate the impacts of frost in the Wet Tropics. We are also currently writing up work which examines the plant functional traits associated with frost resistance or resilience (recovery from frost). Preliminary results suggest that high wood density is an important frost resistance trait, but only for evergreen species. We found that evergreen species with low wood density were most susceptible to frost damage. Deciduous species lose their leaves but are more likely to regrow their foliage and recover quickly from frost damage.

Another project we are working on is a description of the meteorological history of frost in the Wet Tropics. We are using Bureau of Meteorology data to identify past severe frost periods and to link these with other climatic and environmental data.

We would be interested in hearing any anecdotal records of past severe frosts and we would be happy to send copies of our paper to anyone who is interested.

Acknowledgements

We thank Steve McKenna for his extensive work on this project including field work, plant identification and data compilation. Thanks too to Allen and Ron Bonadio and the Tablelands Regional Council for access to their properties. Funds came from the School for Field Studies and the JCU/ CSIRO Tropical Landscapes Joint Venture Special Project: Impacts of Cyclone Larry.

References

Curran, T.J., Reid, E.M. & C. Skorik (2010) Effects of a severe frost on riparian rainforest restoration in the Australian wet tropics: foliage retention by species and the role of forest shelter. Restoration Ecology 18: 408-413

Davidson, N.J. & J.B. Reid (1985) Frost as a factor influencing the growth and distribution of subalpine eucalypts. Australian Journal of Botany 33: 657-667.

Duff, G.A., & G.C. Stocker (1989) The effects of frost on rainforest/open forest ecotones in the highlands of North Queensland. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 100: 49-54.

Feild, T.S. & T. Brodribb (2001) Stem water transport and freeze-thaw xylem embolism in conifers and angiosperms in a Tasmanian treeline heath. Oecologia 127: 314-320.

Hyland, B. P. M., T. Whiffin, D.C. Christophel, B. Gray & R.W. Elick (2002) Australian Tropical Rain Forest Plants: Trees, Shrubs and Vines. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Collingwood.

Sakai, A. & W. Larcher (1987) Frost survival of plants: responses and adaptation to freezing stress. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Scowcroft, P.G. & J. Jeffrey (1999) Potential significance of frost, topographic relief, and Acacia koa stands to restoration of mesic Hawaiian forests on abandoned rangeland. Forest Ecology and Management 114: 447-458.

Scowcroft, P.G., F.C. Meinzer, G. Goldstein, P.J. Melcher & J. Jeffrey (2000) Moderating night radiative cooling reduces frost damage to Metrosideros polymorpha seedlings used for forest restoration in Hawaii. Restoration Ecology 8: 161-169.


Green Corridor Lessons

Geoff Onus

Our biggest challenge as environmental guardians is to ensure that the community, landholders and decision makers are aware of the value of environmental goods and services. To date it would be fair to say that the message has not been broadly taken on. When undertaking landscape rehabilitation activities you not only have to convince the funding organisations of the benefits and value for money of an activity, you need to have landholders that are willing to participate.

During the four and half years the Green Corridor has been operating there have been great successes but also some sites which have not reached the desired outcome. The landholder's awareness of the value of the environment and the role the environment plays, is the fundamental reason there is a difference in success rates. Other reasons include poor communication, lack of early clear planning, defining who is responsible for what, difficult sites such as flood/ frost/ fire zones, contaminated soils and sites that are difficult to access. In the Green Corridor's context, if a landholder is committed to the rehabilitation task, the above climatic and situational difficulties are buffered by the landholder's attitude, partner organisations and the delivery party's dedication to the task.

The sites we initially chose to operate on were identified through a strategic assessment and prioritisation process undertaken by scientists and land managers. Consideration was given to hot spots in the landscape and the level of threatening processes affecting the river system. When approaching these hot spots (on either public or private tenure) we attempt to rehabilitate as much area as possible and therefore it is common that multiple landholders are involved. In nearly all cases the level of success is related to the landholder's attitude and willingness. Not all landholders are in a position to assist with in-kind support; however if they agree with what we are trying to achieve, the site is usually a success. Taking that into account, we have hot spot areas with sites that are successful and others which are not up to scratch, all within a couple of square kilometres. The following example is an area such as that.

Successful site

The landholder on this site had been approached and undertaken revegetation in the past, and was very wary to have another go. The past attempts lacked long term maintenance, contingency strategies (in case of floods etc), a clear open communication channel and good will between the parties (this can sometime take months to years to achieve). Coupled with this, the organisations who undertook these activities did not present the big picture to the landholder e.g. the benefits to the landholder in an economic sense, such as pollination services, insect predation potential and the opportunity to diversify his economic base through eco-tourism and alternative crops (e.g. bush tucker). This landholder was and still is committed to the Green Corridor activities and has provided in-kind support, watered, maintained patch peripheries, monitored, assisted with access and participated in communication activities. In return, our project is committed to maintain the site until there is canopy closure (this site will take at least six years) and maintain a healthy relationship.

Unsuccessful site

The landholder on this site was problematic from the word go, partly due to a lack of uptake of the big picture and why this work was important , but also lack of commitment to a healthy environment in general. Early warning signs were the landholder's lack of support (e.g. in-kind) and the reluctance to make access easy. The communication line between the delivery parties and the landholder was always an issue and eventually this led to the ceasing of works on this property.

In summary, if a landholder is committed to your project, sites will be successful. The lesson learnt is : if the landholder does not support the project and or doesn't think it is worthwhile, don't go there - you are wasting your time and money.


On a Mission for Conservation

Rowena Grace (Terrain NRM)

Lifestyle, agriculture, culture... these are all of great value to the community of Mission Beach. The Southern Cassowary adds to these values, with many locals and tourists alike showing great affection for the iconic species. Over the past four years, a network of landscape corridors and habitat for the Cassowary has been protected thanks to a relationship formed between partners including the Mission Beach community, Terrain NRM, CSIRO and the Marine and Tropical Science Research Facility.

Terrain NRM is the community based natural resource management body for the Wet Tropics region. As part of a regional scale approach to biodiversity, "hotspots" are identified to build resilience across the landscape of both the natural values and the ability of local communities to sustainably manage these.

Four "biodiversity hotspots" have been recognised in the region: Daintree, Mission Beach, Southern Atherton Tableland and the Ingham coastal area. These are areas of special significance determined by the Wet Tropics community through consultation.


Mission Beach was determined as the hotspot needing most urgent action due to its habitat and lifestyle values. These are under threat from development pressure as a result of the "sea and tree change" trend.

The natural, cultural and social values of the Mission Beach area were identified through three reports on the significance of the area. It became apparent that the cassowary was something that every interest group agreed was important - for maintaining habitat health as an ecological keystone species, as an important part of Traditional Aboriginal culture and as part of the sense of place for many people in the area. This allowed for diverse interests to focus on a common goal of maintaining cassowary habitat.

The Mission Beach Habitat Network Action Plan (MBHNAP) was started in 2007 when interested local community groups developed a common vision and identified the issues that required action to achieve it.

Mission Beach Community Vision: "Mission Beach is a sanctuary for wildlife and habitat, its defining feature is a strong human community that acts to protect its special values. Mission Beach is an exemplar of sustainable living, both environmentally friendly and culturally diverse. Mission Beach has a tropical landscape character where urban, farming and forest communities blend to maintain a harmonious setting with strong visual appeal."


Identified issues for action include:

The plan was finalised in June this year and is available on the Terrain NRM website.

To address the complex and sometimes contentious issues around activities required to roll out the program, a Steering Committe was essential to achieve consensus and build partnerships. At Mission Beach, the Committee consists of conservationists, farmers, Traditional Owners, developers, local businesses, the tourism industry and Local, State and Australian Government agencies.


The project builds agreement on actions that will protect natural values as well as support strong local economies and quality lifestyles. Some of the innovative approaches used in the Mission Beach project include:


This project has been so successful, that Terrain NRM is now seeking investment to work with partners in the other biodiversity hotspot areas in the region, to look at similar ways to protect high value habitat areas. The Southern Atherton Tableland is identified as the next area for action as part of the Mission Beach to Southern Atherton Tablelands landscape linkage.

For further information on the Mission Beach project go to www.terrain.org.au/missionbeach.


Nursery News

Nick Stevens

Williams

QPWS staff and TREAT volunteers at Williams' remnant August 2010

Planting at Peterson Creek

Having had a mild and relatively wet winter (compared to the last 2 'dry seasons'), QPWS and TREAT volunteers have finally had an opportunity to complete an outstanding planting as part of TREAT's Peterson Creek project. The planting work was carried out over 2 Friday mornings on 13 August and 24 September on the Williams' property.

The planting was around a fenced area of remnant sclerophyll and riparian closed forest species and once established should form an edge that is more resilient to invasive weed and pasture species. Approximately 800 trees were planted over the 2 mornings, with around 15 volunteers in attendance. This planting had been delayed for several years due to inaccessibility during the wet season and extended dry periods unsuitable for planting.

Nursery Production Figures 2009-2010

The following table gives the Lake Eacham Nursery production figures for 2009-2010 financial year, in comparison to the previous years figures as presented at TREAT's AGM on 27 August 2010.

Production 2008- 2009 2009-2010
TREAT Volunteer hours at nursery 4,2954,550
Potting (including re-potting) 53,00058,000
Stock held in nursery (end of year) 65,00072,000
Total Stock leaving nursery 29,45021,000
Trees to QPWS Projects 14,9004,200
Trees to TREAT Projects 5,4254,800
Trees to TREAT Members 8,60012,000

2010-2011 Planting Season

With the onset of what appears to be a favourable, and perhaps early start to the wet season, preparations are in full swing to get sites ready for planting. QPWS has already started initial spraying of herbicide at several sites for QPWS projects and TREAT's Peterson Creek project.

QPWS plans to undertake some small plantings at Mossman Gorge, as part of the gorge walking track realignment and boardwalk project, as well as a larger planting on ex-grazing land at Alcock Forest Reserve north of Tully, in October. Trees will be supplied for continued planting at Eubenangee Swamp National Park in October/ November. Plantings are also proposed for ex-grazing land at Mowbray Conservation Park prior to the wet season, and at Massey Creek early in the season.


AGM Report

Barb Lanskey

The Annual General Meeting on 27th August was held in the Yungaburra Community Hall. Thirty five people turned up to hear the annual reports and then an interesting talk by our guest speaker, John Kanowski.

Carmel, our Treasurer, showed us some easy to understand pie charts of the year's income and expenditure, and a comparison of accumulated funds with those of the previous financial year. The books show a healthy balance and the auditor has commented on the high standard of Carmel's book-keeping.

Nick, as Nursery Manager, gave the figures for trees and volunteer hours at the nursery. His figures are quoted again in his Nursery News article in this newsletter. This year, significantly more trees left the nursery for members' plantings.

As President, I gave a report of the year's events. With 8 community plantings, 4 field days, 3 school visits and the annual workshop it was a busy year. TREAT continues to work closely with other revegetation groups and our membership base remains at around 450 households.

The management committee for 2010/ 2011 was advertised at the nursery prior to the AGM and the nominees were duly elected. Barbara Walsh and Helen Irwin were replaced by Bronwyn Robertson and Bob Morrison but all other positions remained the same. The committee consists of: President Barbara Lanskey, Vice President Ken Schaffer, Secretary Doug Burchill, Treasurer Carmel Panther, Grants Secretary Frans Arentz, committee members Noel Grundon, Simon Burchill, Shirley Prout, Angela McCaffrey, David Skelton, Bronwyn Robertson, Bob Morrison.

A General Meeting followed the AGM but it was very short with nothing untoward being discussed.

Our guest speaker, John Kanowski, then gave an illustrated presentation about the Australian Wildlife Conservancy, with whom he has been working for the last couple of years. It was most interesting, more so for those of us who were unaware of the organisation's existence. They do great work at a number of sanctuaries which they have bought across Australia and are supported by private donations, with some government support for the acquisition of a few properties. They protect threatened wildlife and ecosystems by implementing practical, on-ground conservation programs which include feral animal control, fire management and the translocation of endangered species. Research is an important component to help address the key threats to native wildlife. John was kept very busy with questions afterwards and we had to interrupt - in order to finish off the evening with the usual delicious supper.


Gift Tree Cards

If you are looking for a unique Christmas gift this year, for someone who has everything, why not consider one of TREAT's gift trees? For $20.00 you receive a beautiful card to give to someone special. The card explains that a native tree has been planted as part of TREAT's planting projects, which aim to restore the biodiversity of local tropical rain forests. As well as cards for celebratory occasions, Memorial cards are also available, with different wording. The gift tree in this case will be a living memorial. All gift tree purchases are tax deductible.


Fruit Collection Diary July - September 2010

SpeciesCommon NameCollection Location/
Regional Ecosystem
Acronychia acidulaLemon Aspen7.8.2, 7.8.4
Allocasuarina torulosaRose Oak7.8.3
Alloxylon flammeumSatin Oak7.8.3
Caldcluvia australiensisRose Alder7.8.2, 7.8.4
Chionanthus ramifloraNorthern Olive7.3.10
Davidsonia pruriensDavidson's Plum7.8.4
Dianella atraxisNorthern Flax Lily7.8.2
Diploglottis diphyllostegiaNorthern Tamarind7.8.3
Dysoxylum arborescensMossman Mahogany7.3.10
Dysoxylum rufumRusty Mahogany7.8.3
Emmenosperma alphitonioidesBonewood7.8.2
Endiandra montanaCoach Walnut7.3.10
Endiandra sankeyanaSankey's Walnut7.8.1, 7.8.2, 7.8.4, 7.3.10
Ficus crassipesRound Leaf Banana Fig7.8.4
Ficus destruensRusty Fig7.8.2, 7.8.4
Ficus racemosaFigwood7.12.1
Ficus virensFigwood7.8.3
Galbulimima baccataPidgeonberry Ash7.8.4
Helicia nortonianaNorton's Silky Oak7.8.2
Hicksbeachia pilosaRed Bauple Nut7.8.2
Hodgkinsonia frutescensTurkey Bush7.8.3
Melicope bonwickiiYellow Evodia7.8.2
Melicope elleryanaEvodia7.8.3
Melicope xanthoxylloidesYellow Evodia7.8.4, 7.3.10
Mischocarpus exangulatusRed Bell Mischocarp7.3.10
Mischocarpus macrocarpusLarge Fruited Mischocarp7.8.4
Mischocarpus stipitatusPurple Aril Mischocarp7.8.4
Neolitsea dealbataWhite Bollywood7.8.1
Rhus taitensisSumac7.3.10
Sarcotoechia serrataFern Leaf Tamarind7.8.2
Xanthophyllum octandrumMcIntyre's Boxwood7.8.2

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